Komatsushima, Japan, is located in the Tokushima Prefecture, on the east coast of the island of Shikoku, south of Tokushima, Japan. The town was founded on June 1, 1951. Today Komatsushima is a popular holiday resort town. The estimated population on May 31, 2011, was 41,189.
◊ History of Komatsushima, Japan
◊ History of Japan
◊ Weather data for Komatsushima, Japan
◊ Historic Weather Events for Japan
History of Komatsushima, Japan
- Komatsushima was originally a small fishing village.
- 1899; A port facility is opened and commercial development begins.
- 1933; Regular ferry service begins connecting Shikoku Island with cities on Honshu.
- 1923; A large spinning mill opens in Komatsushima.
- 1951; Komatsushima is designated a city.
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History of Japan
I am still doing research on this history of Japan
Early History - 1499
1500 - 1699
- 10,000 - 300 BC: Stone Age hunters and gatherers who make jomon (rope-patterned) pottery inhabit Japan. [http://infohost.nmt.edu/~armiller/japanese/japanesetimeline.htm]
- 300 BC: The beginning of what archaeologists refer to as the Yayoi period when irrigated paddy rice cultivation, iron and bronze are indroduced to Japan.
- 0 AD: Shintoism becomes the national religion and the "emperor" is merely an official in charge of performing Shinto rituals and symbolic ceremonies.
- 57 AD: Japan is mentioned for the first time in Chinese history.
- 200: Sushi is invented.
- 250: The Shinto shrine of Ise is founded.
- 239: First visit by a Japanese envoy to China.
- 400: The Yamato culture, modeled after China, rules from Kyushu to the Kinai plain, centered around the town of Naniwa in the Yamato plain (Osaka).
- 500: Japan adopts the Chinese alphabet.
- 538: The Korean kingdom of Paekche dispatches a delegation to introduce Buddhism to the Japanese emperor.
- 550: The Sun (Soga) dynasty ascends to the throne and the capital of Japan is moved to their homeland, the Asuka valley in the central Yamato plain.
- 550: The term "Shinto" is introduced to differentiate the native religion from Buddhism and Confucianism.
- 593: Prince Shotoku of the Soga clan rules Japan and promotes Buddhism.
- 600: Prince Shotoku sends the first official Japanese mission to China.
- 604: Prince Shotoku issues a Chinese-style constitution (Kenpo Jushichijo), based on Confucian principles, which de facto inaugurates the Japanese empire.
- 605: Prince Shotoku declares Buddhism and Confucianism the state religions of Japan.
- 607: Prince Shotoku builds the Buddhist temple Horyu-jiin the Asuka valley.
- 645: Prince Shotoku is succeeded by Kotoku Tenno, who strengthens imperial power over aristocratic clans (Taika Reform), turning their states into provinces.
- 710: Japan's capital is moved from Asuka, Yamato, to Nara, Nara, modeled after China's capital Xi'an.
- 712: The collection of tales "Kojiki" (record of ancient matters) is composed by O no Yasumaro at the request of Empress Gemmei.
- 720: The Nihon Shoki (history of Japan) is finished under the editorial supervision of Prince Toneri and with the assistance of O no Yasumaro.
- 749, Aug. 19: Empress Shotoku,the daughter of Emperor Shomu ascended the throne. She commissions one million (relief printed) copies of the Buddhist dharani.
- 752: Empress Shotokuu founds the temple Todai-ji in Nara (largest wooden building in the world) with a colossal Buddha inside.
- 759: The poetic anthology Man'yoshu (Collection of Myriad Leaves) is compiled sometime after 759 AD during the Nara period.
- 784: Emperor Kammu moves the capital to Nagaoka-kyo.
- 788: The Buddhist monk Saicho founds the monastery of Mt Hiei, near Kyoto, which will become a vast ensemble of temples.
- 794: Emperor Kammu moves the capital to Heian-kyo (Kyoto).
- 804: The Buddhist monk Saicho (Dengyo Daishi) introduces the Tendai school.
- 806: The monk Kukai (Kobo-Daishi) introduces the Shingon (Tantric) school.
- 819: The monk Kukai founds the monastery of Mount Koya, near Kyoto.
- 838: Official contacts with China. [http://infohost.nmt.edu/~armiller/japanese/japanesetimeline.htm]
- 858: Emperor Seiwa begins the rule of the Fujiwara clan.
- 909: First monogatari (long story).
- 1050: Rise of the military class (samurai).
- 1053: The Byodo-in temple (near Kyoto) is inaugurated by emperor Fujiwara Yorimichi.
- 1068: Emperor Go-Sanjo overthrows the Fujiwara clan.
- 1087: Emperor Shirakawa abdicates and becomes a Buddhist monk, the first of the "cloistered emperors" (insei).
- 1156: Taira Kiyomori defeats the Minamoto clan and seizes power, thereby ending the "insei" era.
- 1175: Shinran introduces the Jodo (Pure Land) school of Buddhism.
- 1181: Famine kills hundreds of thousands of people.
- 1185: Taira is defeated (Gempei War) and Minamoto Yoritomo of the Hojo clan seizes power, becoming the first shogun of Japan, while the emperor (or "mikado") becomes a figurehead.
- 1191: Rinzai Zen Buddhism is introduced in Japan by the monk Eisai of Kamakura and becomes popular among the samurai, the leading class in Japanese society.
- 1192: The emperor appoints Yoritomo as "shogun" (military leader) with residence in Kamakura (bakufu system of government).
- 1221: The Kamakura army defeats the imperial army (Jokyu Disturbance), thereby asserting the supremacy of the Kamakura Shogunate (Hojo regents) over the emperor.
- 1227: Soto Zen Buddhism is introduced in Japan by the monk Dogen.
- 1232: The Joei Shikimoku code of law is promulgated to enhance control by the Hojo regents.
- 1274: The Mongols of Kublai Khan try to invade Japan but are repelled by "kamikaze".
- 1333: Emperor Go-Daigo defeats the Kamakura Shogunate, restores imperial power and moves the capital to Muromachi (near Kyoto).
- 1336: Ashikaga Takauji captures Kyoto and forces Go-Daigo to move to a southern court (Yoshino, south of Kyoto).
- 1338: Takauji declares himself shogun, moves his capital in the Muromachi district of Kyoto and declares the northern court.
- 1392: the southern court surrenders to the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu and the empire is unified again.
- 1467: Civil war (Onin war) erupts in Japan and Japan is split among feudal lords (daimyo).
1700 - 1899
- 1542: Firewarms are introduced by a shipwrecked Portugese.
- 1549: The Catholic missionary Frances Xavier reaches Japan.
- 1568: The daimyo Oda Nobunaga enters Kyoto and ends the civil war.
- 1570: The Archbishopric of Edo is established and the first Japanese Jesuits are ordained.
- 1573: The daimyo Oda Nobunaga overthrows the Muromachi bakufu and extends his control over most of Japan.
- 1575: Nobunaga defeats the rival Takeda clan in the battle of Nagashino by employing modern warfare.
- 1582: Nobunaga is murdered and is succeeded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
- 1590: Riemon Soga learns Western methods of copper refining and establishes a smelting business in Kyoto (later Sumitomo).
- 1591: Toyotomi Hideyoshi reunifies and pacifies Japan.
- 1591: The Jesuits establish the first printing press in Japan.
- 1592: Toyotomi Hideyoshi tries to conquer Korea but is repelled by China
- 1598: Hideyoshi dies after trying a second time to invade Korea.
- 1600: At the battle of Sekigahara, Tokugawa Ieyasu, a friend of Hideyoshi and Nobunaga, defeats the other contenders to the leadership of Japan.
- 1603: The emperor appoints Ieyasu as shogun, who moves his government to Edo (Tokyo) and founds the Tokugawa dynasty of shoguns.
- 1603: The Tokugawa Shogunate divides the subjects into five hereditary classes of decreasing importance (lords, samurai, farmers, artisans, merchants).
- 1614: Ieyasu bans Christianity from Japan.
- 1615: Ieyasu captures Osaka and destroys the Toyotomi clan.
- 1633: The shogun Iemitsu forbids travelling abroad and reading foreign books.
- 1638: The shogun Iemitsu forbids ship building.
- 1639: Iemitsu restricts interaction with foreigners to Nagasaki.
- 1641: Iemitsu bans all foreigners, except Chinese and Dutch, from Japan (the Dutch remain off the coast of Nagasaki).
- 1650: With peace, there evolved a new kind of noble, literate warrior according to bushido ("way of the warrior").
1900 - 2012
- 1700: Kabuki and ukiyo-e become popular.
- 1707: Mount Fuji erupts.
- 1790: Neo-Confucianism becomes the official state philosophy.
- 1820: China and India account for about half of the world's GDP.
- 1845: Masahiro Abe becomes the most influential politicians of the Shogunate.
- 1854: The USA forces Japan to sign a trade agreement ("treaty of Kanagawa") which reopens Japan to foreigners after two centuries.
- 1855: Russia and Japan establish diplomatic relations.
- 1855: Masayoshi Horta replaces Abe Masahiro.
- 1861: The domain of Choshu urges the emperor in Kyoto to expand foreign policy.
- 1861, June 22: The first modern newspaper in Japan, the Nagasaki Shipping List and Advertiser, is published bi-weekly by Englishman A. W. Hansard. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_newspapers]
- 1862: The domain of Satsuma urges the union of emperor (Kyoto) and Shogunate (Edo/Tokyo).
- 1863: The domain of Choshu demands from the Shogunate the expulsion of all foreigners, but the domain of Satsuma stages a coup and removes Choshu influence from the imperial court.
- 1864: British, French, Dutch and American warships bomb Choshu and open more Japanese ports for foreigners.
- 1865: Samurai of humble origins (led by Takayoshi Kido) win the civil war in Choshu.
- 1866: Takamori Saigo of Satsuma and Takayoshi Kido of Choshu form a secret alliance in Kyoto.
- 1867: Keiki Tokugawa/ Yoshinobu ascends to the Shogunate in Kyoto while emperor Komei dies and is succeeded by the 14-year old son Mutsuhito.
- 1868: Choshu and Satsuma force the shogun Yoshinobu to resign, the Tokugawa dynasty ends, and the emperor (or "mikado") Meiji is restored, but with capital in Edo/Tokyo and divine attributes.
- 1869: Shigenobu Okuma becomes vice-minister of finance.
- 1869: The government begins colonization of Hokkaido.
- 1869: Yukichi Fukuzawa's "Conditions in the West" launches the wave of Westernization.
- 1869, Mar: Chushu, Satsuma, Hizen and Tosa voluntarily offer their territories to the emperor.
- 1869: The Confucian school of Edo becomes a Western-style university (later renamed University of Tokyo).
- 1870: Meiji dismantles the feudal system and forbids the lords from retaining private armies.
- 1871: The Yokohama mainichi shimbu becomes the first Japanese daily newspaper that covered foreign and domestic new. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_newspapers]
- 1870: Yataro Iwasaki founds a shipping firm that would become Mitsubishi.
- 1871: The yen debuts.
- 1871: The revolutionary government dismantles the feudal system and forbids the lords from retaining private armies.
- 1872: The first railway line between Tokyo and Yokohama is inaugurated.
- 1872: Western dress is prescribed for official ceremonies.
- 1873: Japan grants religious freedom and adopts the Gregorian calendar.
- 1873: Saihei Hirose, chief of Sumitomo, introduces Western mining techniques and expands the business in Osaka.
- 1873: Japan adopts conscription so that the central government can have an army of its own.
- 1873: Japan revokes the ban on Christianity.
- 1874: Taisuke Itagaki founds the first party of Japan, the "Aikoku Koto/ Public Party of Patriots"
- 1875: Russia exchanges with Japan the Kurile Islands for the island of Sakhalin.
- 1876: Japan forces Korea to sign the treaty of Kanghwa.
- 1877: The samurai revolt (led by Saigo) against the emperor who has forbidden them to carry swords, but are defeated by the regular army and Saigo is killed.
- 1879: Japan holds regional elections, the first democratic elections outside of the West.
- 1880: Eiichi Shibusawa founds the Osaka Spinning Mill.
- 1881: Seiko is founded.
- 1881: Taisuke Itagaki founds the "Jiyuto/Liberal Party".
- 1882: Shigenobu Okuma founds the "Rikken Kaishinto/Constitutional Progressive Party".
- 1882: China sends troops to defend the Korean government and Japan sends troops to defend its delegation after a mob attacks it.
- 1884: Peasants in the mountains north of Tokyo stage a revolt.
- 1885: Anarchists led by Mushanokoji Saneatsu found the "Atarashiki Mura / New Village Movement" that creates communes.
- 1885: China and Japan agree to pull out their troops from Korea.
- 1885: Prince Hirobumi Ito becomes Japan's first prime minister.
- 1887: Yamaha is founded.
- 1889: Emperor Meiji promulgates a parliamentary constitution, but only 460,000 people are entitled to vote out of a population of 50 million in the first parliamentary election.
- 1889: Nintendo is founded.
- 1891: Yamagata resigns and Masayoshi Matsukata becomes prime minister.
- 1891: The government founds the Yawata Iron Works.
- 1894: China sends troops into Korea and Japan invades China (first sino-japanese war).
- 1895: Japan defeats China and China is forced to cede Taiwan and recognize Japanese supremacy over Korea at the treaty of Shimonoseki.
- 1895: Sumitomo establishes a bank.
- 1896: the European powers force Japan to surrender the Liaotung peninsula of China.
- 1896: A law code based on the German one is adopted.
- 1899: Nippon Electric Corporation (NEC) is founded specializing in communications, the first joint venture with foreign capital (USA's Western Electric).
- 1902: Japan signs the London treaty with Britain that recognizes Japan's rights in Korea and Britain's rights in China.
- 1904, Feb: Japan attacks Russia in Manchuria, destroying the Russian fleet at Port Arthur, and invades Korea.
- 1905: At the battle of Mukden between Japan and Russia over 100,000 soldiers die.
- 1905: In the naval Battle of the Tsushima Straits, Japan destroys the Russian fleet.
- 1905: After Japan destroys the Russian fleet at the battle of Tsushima, Russia withdraws from Manchuria, loses Sakhalin, and recognizes a Japanese protectorate over Korea (treaty of Portsmouth), the first time that a non-European country defeats a European power (but the Japanese lose 100,000 lives).
- 1905: An eight-year economic boom begins.
- 1906: Taro Katsura resigns and prince Kimmochi Saionji of Ito's party becomes prime minister.
- 1909: Japan's politician Ito Hirobumi is assassinated in Manchuria by a Korean nationalist.
- 1910: Japan annexes Korea and thereby terminates the Choson dynasty.
- 1910: Namihei Odaira starts the electrical repair shop Hitachi in Japan.
- 1910: Umetaro Suzuki discovers the first vitamin, thiamine (vitamin B1).
- 1911: Marxist movements are wiped out after the discovery of a plot to assassinate the emperor.
- 1912: EMPEROR Mutsuhito dies and new emperor Taisho shifts more power to the parliament.
- 1913: Katsura founds a political party, the Doshikai (later renamed Kenseikai and then Minseito).
- 1914: World War I breaks out in the Balkans, pitting Britain, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, USA and Japan against Austria, Germany and Turkey.
- 1914 - 1920 The First World War. [More Information]
- Allied (Entente) Powers
France, British Empire, Russia (1914-17), Italy (1915-18), United States (1917-18), Romania (1916-18), Japan, Serbia, Belgium, Greece (1917-18) and others
- Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria (1915-18)
- 1914, October 17 - November 7: The Siege of Tsingtao.
- 1917, February 3: US severs diplomatic ties with Germany.
- 1917, April 6: The US declares war on Germany.
- 1918, March 3: Russia and Germany sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
- 1918, May 28: US forces make their first offensive, at Cantigny, France.
- 1918, November 11: Armistice Day. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies. The war is officially over. More than 8.5 million have been killed and over twice as many wounded from across the globe. New technology has been created, America has risen to prominence as an economic power and new countries are forming in Europe and the Middle East.
- 1914: Den Kenjiro, Aoyama Rokuro and Takeuchi Meitaro found car manufacturer DAT (later Datsun).
- 1915: Second economic boom.
- 1917: Nikon is founded.
- 1918: The League of Nations assigns the Mariana Islands to Japan.
- 1918: Konosuke Matsushita founds an electrical company (later renamed Panasonic).
- 1919: Osaka Hokko Kaisha is founded (later Sumitomo).
- 1920, Mar: Prices collapse and a long stagnation begins.
- 1921, Nov: The USA, Britain and Japan agree to reduce their navies at the Washington Conference.
- 1922: The Japanese Communist Party is founded.
- 1923: The great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo.
- 1924: The US Congress approves the Exclusion Act, that prohibits further immigration from Japan.
- 1925: Japan introduces universal male suffrage, increasing the number of voters from 3 to 12 million, but becomes de facto a military dictatorship under nominal imperial rule.
- 1927: Collapse of the banking system.
- 1928: Japan's population is 65 million.
- 1928: The Japanese Kwantung army kills the Manchurian warlord before he can ally with Chiang Kaishek.
- 1928: Aikawa Yoshisuke founds the holding company Nippon Sangyo, later renamed Nissan.
- 1930: Britain, Japan, France, Italy and the USA sign the London Naval Treaty, an agreement to reduce naval warfare.
- 1930: Four zaibatsu ("money cliques") dominate Japan's economy: Mitsui, Mitsubishi, Furukawa and Sumitomo Read more: Sumitomo Corporation - Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Sumitomo Corporation. [http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/history2/87/Sumitomo-Corporation.html#ixzz1Y2b8QFMT ]
- 1932: Following a devaluation of the currency, the Japanese economy begins to recover ahead of Western economies.
- 1932, May: Nationalist military officers assassinate prime minister Inukai, attack banks and police stations.
- 1932: The Japanese army institutes the first "comfort houses" during the battle of Shanghai.
- 1932, Mar: Japan declares Manchuria independent as the puppet state of Manchukuo under the last Qing.
- 1932: Mass arrests of socialists.
- 1932, Sept.: War minister Araki Sadao promulgates the "Kodoha/The Imperial Way" ideology of nationalism and expansion.
- 1933: The Japanese army invades Hebei.
- 1933: Nissan takes control of Datsun.
- 1933: Following the condemnation of Japan's occupation of Manchuria, Japan Leaves the League of Nations.
- 1934: the Japanese install former Manchu emperor Puyj as head of the puppet state of Manchukuo.
- 1934: Fuji is founded.
- 1934, July: Makoto Saito resigns and is succeeded by admiral Keisuke Okada.
- 1935: The Fuji Electric corporation spins off Fujitsu, specializing in telecommunications.
- 1935: The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
- 1936, Feb: National elections are won by Minseito using pro-fascism slogans.
- 1936, Feb: Troops led by young nationalist officers attempt a coup in Tokyo.
- 1936, Mar: Keisuke Okada resigns and is succeeded by Koki Hirota.
- 1936, Dec: Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact (de facto, an anti-Soviet pact).
- 1937, Feb: The nationalist general Senjuro Hayashi becomes prime minister for four months.
- 1937, Apr: The two bigger parties Minseito and Seiyukai won the vast majority of votes, a humiliating defeat for the right-wing nationalists and Hayashi has to resign.
- 1937, June. The aristocratic Fumimaro Konoe, a protege of Saionji, becomes prime minister trying to bridge the gap between government and parties.
- 1937: Japan begins a secret program of naval construction.
- 1937: Canon is founded.
- 1937, August 28: Kiichiro Toyoda founds the Toyota Motor Corporation.[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toyota]
- 1937 July: A clash between Chinese and Japanese troops ("Marco Polo Incident") lead to a general war.
- 1937, Dec: Japan captures Nanjing (350,000 Chinese are killed and 100,000 women are raped during the "rape of Nanking").
- 1937, Dec: Japan sinks the "Panay" ship of the USA.
- 1938: Japan opens the first wartime facility for "sexual comfort" in Nanjing.
- 1938 Oct: Japan captures Canton.
- 1939: Japan establishes the "Unit 731" research laboratory for biological warfare in Harbin, China, and tests biological weapons on war prisoners (10,000 die).
- 1939, Nov: The Soviet Union and Japan fight a border war at Nomonhan that leaves 18 thousand Japanese dead.
- 1939, May: Japan fights a battle against Soviet troops at Nomonhan on the Mongolian-Manchurian border.
- 1939: Toshiba is founded to produce home appliances.
- 1940, Mar: Japan creates a puppet government in Nanjing.
- 1940, Sept, 27: Italy, Germany and Japan sign the pact of the "axis".
- 1940: The population of Japan is 73 million and the population of Tokyo is 6.8 million.
- 1940: Japan inherits French Indochina (Vietnam) from France (Vichy government) and announces the intention of creating a "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere".
- 1940: Japan bombs the Chinese city of Ningbo with fleas carrying the bubonic plague.
- 1941 Apr: Japan signs a neutrality pact with the Soviet Union.
- 1941, June: Germany attacks the Soviet Union, embarrassing Japan, and Japan decides to honor its neutrality pact.
- 1941, July: Japan invades French Indochina and the USA places an embargo on oil exports to Japan.
- 1941, Oct: Japanese general Hideki Tojo becomes prime minister.
- 1931, September 18, Japan invades Manchuria.
- 1939 - 1945 World War II. [More Information]
- Axis powers (Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria) versus Allies (U.S., Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia).
- 1939: Germany invades Poland.
- 1941, December 7: Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
- 1941, Dec 8-25: The Battle of Hong Kong, Japanese forces commanded by Takashi Sakai capture Hong Kong.
- 1941, December 8: Japanese forces invade the Philippines.
- 1941, Dec 10: The British battleships Prince of Wales and Repulse are sunk. See: Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse.
- 1941, Dec 11: The First battle of Wake Island, the Japanese invasion force is repulsed by US forces on Wake Island.
- 1941, Dec 23: The Second battle of Wake Island, the Japanese forces Occupy Wake Island.
- 1942, 6 May US and Fliapino foces on the Philippines surrender.
- 1945, April 12: President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies at Warm Springs, Georgia.
- 1945, May 8: Victory in Europe, V-E Day.
- 1945, September 2: Victory over Japan, V-J Day Japanese sign surrender terms aboard battleship Missouri (BB-63).
- 1945, October 24: The United Nations officially came into existence upon ratification of the Charter by the five then-permanent members of the Security Council-France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States-and by a majority of the other 46 signatories.[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations]
- 1945; The United Nations develops a plan for a trusteeship administration of the Korean Peninsula. The Soviet Union administering the peninsula north of the 38th parallel and the United States administering the south.
- 1946: Akio Morita and Masaru Ibuka found TTK (later Sony).
- 1947: Japan ratifies a new democratic constitution and the emperor remains a mere figurehead.
- 1947: The Liberal Party narrowly wins elections ahead of the Minseito or Democratic Party and the Socialist Party.
- 1948: Soichiro Honda founds a motorcycle manufacturing company.
1948 Dec: Tojo and others are hanged for war crimes. (also see: Allied war crimes during World War II)
- 1949: The Liberal Party wins the absolute majority in national elections and Yoshida becomes the most influential politician.
- 1949: The Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) is created.
- 1950: William Edwards Deming begins to consult for Japanese companies teaching them how to improve design and quality.
- 1950: Japanese car manufacturers produce 2,000 cars.
- 1950 - 1953; The Korean War is fought in Korea.
- 1951: Japan's GNP is US$14.2 billion, 4.2% of the USA's GNP, half of West Germany's, one third less than Britain's.
- 1951: Osamu Tezuka publishes the comic strip Mighty Atom, later renamed Astro Boy.
- 1951, Sep: Japan and the USA sign a military alliance.
- 1952: The government launches NTT (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone).
- 1952, Apr: The USA returns Japan to independence.
- 1952: Japanese companies license the technology of the transistor from the USA.
- 1952: Sumitomo Shoji is established as a trading house (a keiretsu) for a number of affiliated companies.
- 1953: Taiichi Ohno invents "lean manufacturing" at Japan's Toyota.
- 1954: Fujitsu enters the computer market.
- 1955, Aug: Japanese electronics company TTK (later Sony) introduces its first transistor radio.
- 1955: Japan produces 69,000 cars.
- 1955: Japan has 89 million people.
- 1956: The first Japanese car is sold in the USA.
- 1958: NEC builds the Japan's first electronic computer, the NEAC 1101.
- 1958: Taiji Yabushita directs the first "anime", Hakujaden / The Tale of the White Serpent.
- 1959: Tatsumi Hijikata's "Forbidden Colours" invents "butoh" dance.
- 1959: Hitachi builds its first transistor computer.
- 1959: Japan's Honda is the world's largest motorcycle manufacturer.
- 1960 July: Former MITI and Finance minister Hayato Ikeda becomes prime minister of Japan and launches a plan to double national income by 1970.
- 1961: Shigeru Sahashi becomes director of the Enterprises Bureau at the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI).
- 1963: Junichi Nishizawa at Tohoku University proposes the use of optical fibers for communications.
- 1963: Japan's Honda introduces its first car.
- 1964: the Shinkansen (bullet train) is inaugurated.
- 1965: Japan has 98 million people.
- 1967: Seiko introduces the first quartz wristwatch.
- 1968: Kawabata becomes the first Japanese to win a Nobel prize.
- 1968: Japan produces 4.1 million cars.
- 1968: Japan's Toyota introduces the Corolla in the USA.
- 1969: Japan creates the National Space Development Agency.
- 1969: Boom of "shojo manga" in Japan, comics drawn by female artists for an audience of girls.
- 1970: Japan is the third economic power in the world (after the USA and the Soviet Union), having overtaken all European economies.
- 1970: Japanese car manufacturers produce 5 million cars.
- 1970, Dec: The USA has a trade deficit of $1.2 billion with Japan and one dollar is worth 360 yens.
- 1971: The USA pulls out of the Bretton Woods agreement of fixed exchange rates and forces the yen to rise.
- 1971: Japanese musician Daisuke Inoue builds the first karaoke machine in Kobe.
- 1971: Riyoko Ikeda debuts the shojo manga Berusaiyu no Bara / The Rose of Versailles.
- 1972: The Japanese Red Army carries out a terrorist attack in Israel.
- 1972, Dec: The USA has a trade deficit of $4.1 billion with Japan and one dollar is worth 302 yens.
- 1973: Worldwide oil crisis.
- 1973: Canon introduces the first color photocopier.
- 1974: Isao Takahata creates the animated TV series Heidi, Girl of the Alps.
- 1974: Leiji Matsumoto creates the TV space-opera anime Uchu Senkan Yamato / Space Battleship Yamato.
- 1974: Hitachi produces its first IBM-compatible mainframe computer.
- 1975: Six economic powers meet in Paris (USA, Japan, Germany, France, Britain and Italy) forming the G6.
- 1975: Japan has 112 million people.
- 1978: Japan and China sign a peace treaty.
- 1979: Sony launches the "Walkman" portable stereo.
- 1979: Yoshiyuki Tomino creates the TV space-opera anime Kido Senshi Gandamu / Mobile Suit Gundam, the first Real-robot anime.
- 1980: Japan's GDP of $1040 billion is about 40% of the USA's GDP and the third largest in the world after the Soviet Union.
- 1980: The largest semiconductor manufacturers in the world are: Texas Instruments, National, Motorola, Philips (Europe), Intel, NEC (Japan), Fairchild, Hitachi (Japan) and Toshiba (Japan).
- 1981: The Honda Accord is the first car with a navigation system.
- 1981: Rumiko Takahashi creates the manga Urusei Yatsura.
- 1981: Sony introduces the first 3 1/2 inch floppy diskettes.
- 1981: Toshiba enters the market for laptop computers.
- 1982: Sony launches the compact disc.
- 1982: Hayao Miyazaki creates the anime No Nausicaa.
- 1982: Honda is the first Japanese company to manufacture cars in the USA.
- 1984: Canon demonstrates first electronic camera.
- 1984: Katsuhiro Otomo creates the cyberpunk anime Akira.
- 1985: Japan signs the Plaza Accord that lowers the value of the dollar and increases the value of the yen.
- 1985: NTT is privatized.
- 1985, Jan: One USA dollar is worth 251 yen.
- 1986: Shigechiyo Izumi dies at 120, the oldest man in the world.
- 1987: In just two years the yen has double in value since the Plaza Accord.
- 1987: The largest semiconductor manufacturers in the world are Japan's NEC, Japan's Toshiba and Japan's Hitachi.
- 1988: 8 out the 10 largest companies by market capitalization are based in Japan.
- 1988: Sharp introduces the first commercial LCD television.
- 1988: Fujitsu introduces the first digital camera, the DS-1P.
- 1989, Jan: One USA dollar is worth 125 yen.
- 1989: On the last day of the year, the Japanese NIKKEI stock market (the largest stock market in the world) reaches an all-time high of 38,915.
- 1989: the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is founded to bring together the USA, Japan, Australia, Chile, etc.
- 1989: Japan's Mitsubishi purchases the Rockefeller Center in the USA.
- 1989: Japan owns half of the world's shipbuilding market.
- 1989: The market capitalization of Japanese companies represents 42% of all stocks in the world and the value of land is the highest in the world.
- 1990: The Japanese "bubble economy" bursts, with stock prices declining for 13 years, erasing some trillions of dollars in wealth, and with land prices declining 80% in 13 years.
- 1990: Matsushita buys MCA.
- 1992: By year-end the Japanese stock market has fallen 55% from its peak.
- 1992: Fujitsu introduces the world's first full-color plasma display.
- 1995, March 20: Members of the Aum Shinrikyo religious cult uses nerve gas to kill innocents in the Tokyo subway.
- 1995, Oct: Following the rape of a girl by US soldiers, that follows many similar incidents over the years, Japanese in Okinawa stage the largest protect rally since the end of the war.
- 1995: Yoshiyuki Sadamoto creates the manga Neon Genesis Evangelion.
- 1995: 36 million cars are manufactured in the world, of which 7.6 million in Japan and 6.3 million in the USA, although 8.6 million cars are sold in the USA alone.
- 1995: An earthquake kills 6,500 people in Kobe.
- 1996: The first DVD player is introduced by Toshiba.
- 1996: Sumitomo Bank loses $2.6 billion dollars because of unauthorized trades by one of its employees, Yasuo Hamanaka.
- 1997: The economic crisis intensifies.
- 1997: Toyota introduces the Prius, the world's first commercially mass-produced hybrid automobile.
- 1997: Most countries of the world agree on reducing the level of greenhouse-gas emissions in order to avoid climate changes such as global warming, (Kyoto Protocol).
- 1998: 38 million vehicles sold worldwide (4.5 million workers and revenues of 1.5 billion dollars).
- 1998: The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge linking Shikoku with Honshu opens, becoming the largest suspension bridge in the world.
- 1999: French car-maker Renault buys Nissan.
- 2001: Reformist Junichiro Koizumi is nominated prime minister by the ruling coalition in an attempt to fight the 10-year old stagnation.
- 2001: Mamoru Takuma kills eight children in a primary school in Osaka.
- 2002: Japan and South Korea combined deliver 75% of the world's shipbuilding.
- 2003: The Japanese NIKKEI stock market average bottoms up at 7699 after falling 80% from its 1989 peak, and skyrockets 41% from April to October.
- 2003: Sony introduces a Blu-Ray disc player.
- 2003: 34,427 people commit suicide in Japan, the highest yearly number recorded so far.
- 2003: Kamato Hongo, Japan's oldest person, dies at 116.
- 2003: An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 rocks the northern island of Hokkaido.
- 2004: For the first time since the end of WW II, Japan sends troops to a warzone (Iraq).
- 2004: India becomes the largest recipient of Japanese aid.
- 2005: The Kyoto protocol (to reduce the level of greenhouse-gas emissions in order to avoid climate changes such as global warming) is adopted by 141 countries of the world but not the USA, China, India and Australia.
- 2005: Real-estate prices have fallen 75% from their 1990 peak.
- 2005: Japan's population starts to decline.
- 2005: A foreigner, Howard Stringer, is appointed head of Sony.
- 2005: The unemployment rate falls to 4.4% from a peak of 5.4%.
- 2005: Japan's prime minister Junichiro Koizumi stages a landslide victory in elections, boosting support for his economic reform.
- 2006: Shinzo Abe succeeds Koizumi as Japan's prime minister.
- 2006: Japan imposes tough sanctions against North Korea following North Korea's nuclear test.
- 2006: China becomes Japan's largest trading partner.
- 2006, Dec: The USA has a trade deficit of $90 billion with Japan and one dollar is worth 119 yens.
- 2007: World stock markets collapse.
- 2007: Toyota passes General Motors as the world's largest car manufacturer.
- 2007: A Japanese cabinet minister hangs himself over a corruption scandal, the first cabinet minister to kill himself since the end of World War II.
- 2007: Crash of the stock markets worldwide, triggered by the crisis of USA sub-prime mortgage lenders, with the Nikkei's worst downfall since September 2001.
- 2007: Shinzo Abe resigns and is succeeded by Yasuo Fukuda.
- 2007: Japan signs a free-trade agreement with ASEAN.
- 2007: The world's largest vendors of personal computers are HP, Dell, Taiwan's Acer, China's Lenovo and Japan's Toshiba.
- 2008: Honda unveils the first mass-market hydrogen-propelled vehicle, the "FCX Clarity".
- 2008: Mitsubishi ships the first-ever laser TV set.
- 2008: Yasuo Fukuda resigns and is succeeded by Taro Aso, the fourth prime minister in two years.
- 2008, Sept: Crash of the stock markets worldwide, triggered by the collapse of USA banks.
- 2008, Oct: Japan's stock market plunges 9.4% in one day and then 9.6% a few days later, the biggest one-day drops since the 1987 market crash, as the economy enters its longest recession since World War II.
- 2008, Dec: Toyota announces the first loss in 71 years.
- 2008, Dec: Japan's GDP shrinks 12.7% in the last quarter, the steepest decline since 1974, with industrial production plunging at the steepest pace in 55 years.
- 2009: Japan's Toyota overtakes General Motors to become the largest car maker in the world.
- 2009, Jan: Japan's exports fall more than 45% in January and 49% in February to the lowest figure ever recorded.
- 2009, Jan: One USA dollar is worth 90 yen.
- 2009, Aug: Japan's recession ends but exports fall 36% compared with a year earlier and unemployment reaches a record 5.7%.
- 2009, Aug: Yukio Hatoyama of the Democratic Party wins the election and becomes the new prime minister.
- 2009, July: None of the 10 largest companies by market capitalization is based in Japan.
- 2010, June: Yukio Hatoyama resigns after failing to close the USA military base at Okinawa and is succeeded by Naoto Kan as prime minister.
- 2010, Sept: The government discovers that more than 230,000 Japanese who are listed as being aged 100 or over are dead.
- 2010, Dec: China (GDP of $5.75 trillion) overtakes Japan (GDP of $5.39 trillion) as the world's second largest economy after the USA, although China's GDP per head ($4,500) is only 11% of Japan's ($40,000).
2010, Dec: 30% of Japan's electricity is nuclear generated.
- 2010: Between 2001 and 2010 Japan's economy grows at 0.7%, less than half the pace of the USA's, but its GDP per capita outperformed the USA's.
- 2011, Mar: An earthquake and a tsunami kill 18,800 people and cause a nuclear disaster in Fukushima.
- 2011, Aug: Japan's prime minister Naoto Kan resigns after being widely criticized for his response to the earthquake and nuclear disaster, and is succeeded by finance minister Yoshihiko Noda of the Democratic Party (DPJ).
- 2011, Oct: Protests against the financial world spread from the USA to Sydney, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Athens, Berlin, Rome and London.
- 2011: Japan posts its first trade deficit since 1963.
- 2011: Japan's debt is 211% of its GDP.
- 2012, Sept: Osaka's mayor Toru Hashimoto founds the Japan Restoration Party.
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