Xuchang, Henan, China, has been a natural transportation hub since early times. The city is located where the north-south route along the western edge of the North China Plain is crossed by the main route running northeast from Shangqiu and to the coastal province of Shandong and by the southwesterly route between the Nanyang region and the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) valley. Xuchang was in the central region of the ancient Xia Dynasty (c. 2070 – c. 1600 BCE). Xuchang is located on the southwestern edge of the North China Plain, northeast of the Funiu Range, part of the Qin [Tsinling] Mountains. 
"According to tradition, the city was named after Xu, an ancient state led by tribal leader Xuyou during the Spring and Autumn Period (c. 771 until 476 BC) of the Zhou Dynasty (c. 1046–256 BC)." The city was named Xuchang in 221, meaning "Xu Rising" during the Wei Kingdom (220-280). Today the city is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province of the People's Republic of China (PRC). In 2010, the population of Xuchang was 4,307,199.
◊ History of Xuchang, China
◊ History of China
◊ Weather data for Xuchang, China
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History of Xuchang, China
- 21 BC – 16 BC: The city now known as Xuchang was in the central region of the Xia Dynasty.
- 1046–256 BC: According to tradition, the city now known as Xuchang was named after Xu, an ancient state led by tribal leader Xuyou during the Spring and Autumn Period of the Zhou Dynasty.
- 11 BC - 771 BC: Xu was the headstream of the ancient Xu Kingdom in Western Zhou Dynasty.
- 196: After finding the old capital Luoyang ravaged by war, the warlord Cao Cao moved the imperial court and Emperor Xian of Han to his de facto capital to what is now Xuchang.
- 221: The city was renamed "Xuchang", meaning "Xu Rising" during the reign of the Wei Kingdom.
- 1271: The Spring and Autumn Tower is built during the Yuan Dynasty and went through many renovations during the Ming and Qing dynasties. The tower was built for the glorious general Guanyu of the Shu Kingdom (Han Dynasty).
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History of China
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1000 - 1499
1500 - 1700
1700 - 1899
1900 - 2007
- 1902, January 30: Japan signs the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. The alliance was renewed and extended in scope in 1905 and 1911, before its demise in 1921. It was officially terminated in 1923.
- 1914 - 1920 The First World War. [More Information]
- Allied (Entente) Powers
France, British Empire, Russia (1914–17), Italy (1915–18), United States (1917–18), Romania (1916–18), Japan, Serbia, Belgium, Greece (1917–18) and others
- Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria (1915–18)
- 1914, October 17 - November 7: The Siege of Tsingtao.
- 1917, April 6: The US declares war on Germany.
- 1918, March 3: Russia and Germany sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
- 1918, November 11: Armistice Day. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies. The war is officially over. More than 8.5 million have been killed and over twice as many wounded from across the globe. New technology has been created, America has risen to prominence as an economic power and new countries are forming in Europe and the Middle East.
- 1931, September 18; Japan invades Manchuria.
- 1935: The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
- 1935, October 3; The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
- 1939 - 1945 World War II. [More Information]
- Axis powers (Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria) versus Allies (U.S., Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia).
- 1939: Germany invades Poland.
- 1941, December 7: Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
- 1945, April 12: President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies at Warm Springs, Georgia.
- 1945, May 8: Victory in Europe, V-E Day.
- 1945, September 2: Victory over Japan, V-J Day Japanese sign surrender terms aboard battleship Missouri (BB-63).
- 1945; The United Nations develops a plan for a trusteeship administration of the Korean Peninsula. The Soviet Union administering the peninsula north of the 38th parallel and the United States administering the south.
- 1945: After the surrender of Japan, the Korean peninsula is divided between Soviet and American occupation forces at the 38th parallel.
- 1945: South Korea created a franchise to raise money and funds to recover.
- 1945, 6 September: Establishment of Peoples Republic of Korea with Yuh Woon-Hyung, but 1946 February, US Army breaks it and Yuh Woon Hyung is murdered.
People's Republic of Korea (PRK) was a short-lived provisional government that was organized with the aim to take over control of Korea shortly after the Surrender of the Empire of Japan at the end of World War II. It operated as the government in late August and early September 1945 until the United States Army Military Government in Korea was established by the United States of America. After that it operated unofficially, and in opposition to the United States Military Government, until it was forcibly dissolved in January 1946.
- 1946: US-USSR Joint-Commission on the formation of a Korean Government reaches an impasse. The Joint-commission is dissolved as the Cold War begins.
- 1948, 10 May: UN sponsored elections are held in South Korea.
- 1948, 15 August: Establishment of the Republic of Korea with Syngman Rhee as President.
- 1948, 25 August: Establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea with Kim Il-sung as Premier.
- 1949: The murder of Kim Gu. Kim Gu was a Korean Nationalist who believed in, and fought for, a unified Korea. He strongly objected to the formation of a separate South Korean state. He was shot in his home by a South Korean Army lieutenant.
- 1949, March 23: President Harry S. Truman approves the withdrawal of all US Forces in South Korea except for 500 military advisors.
- 1950 25 June: The Korean War begins.
- 1950, August: UN Forces are driven back to South-east corner of the Korean Peninsula (The Pusan Perimeter).
- 1950, September 15: UN Troops, commanded by General Douglas MacArthur , make an Amphibious Landing at Inchon.
- 1950, October 19: UN Troop capture Pyongyang city, the capital of North Korean.
- 1950, October 25: Two hundred thousand Chinese troops of the People's Volunteer Army enter North Korea. Chairman Mao Zedong appointed Zhou Enlai as the overall commander and coordinator of the war effort, with Peng Dehuai as field commander. 
- 1950, October 25: The Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) 13th Army Group launched the First Phase Offensive, attacking the advancing U.N. forces near the Sino-Korean border. Twelve days later, Stalin allowed the Soviet Air Force to provide air cover, and provides more aid to China.
- 1950, November 27: The Chinese 9th Army launched multiple attacks and ambushes along the road between the Chosin Reservoir and Koto-ri. At Yudam-ni, the 5th, 7th and 11th Marines were surrounded. The UN forces breakout on December 6 and conduct a fighting withdrawal to the port city of Hungnam. Approximately 105,000 soldiers, 98,000 civilians, 17,500 vehicles, and 350,000 tons of supplies are evacuated from Hungnam.
- 1953: The Korean War is halted by the Korean Armistice Agreement that has remained in force until now.