|The American Civil War in Georgia 1861-1865 |
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On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive order known as the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves in he ten states that had succeeded from the United Sates (Confederate States).
In 1863, Union Naval forces make several unsuccessful attempt to capture Fort McAllister guarding the southern approach to Savannah. In June, Union forces under command of Colonel James Montgomery seize St. Simons Island. They destroy the of Darien and many plantations in the area.
In June of 1863, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans began moving against the Confederates in Tennessee. After a series if skirmishes, the Army of Tennessee commanded by Gen. Braxton Bragg, falls back to Chattanooga, TN. The confederates expect Gen. Rosecrans to attack the city from the north. To reinforce this believe, Gen. Roscrans sends Colonel John T. Wilder with his mounted infantry up the Sequatchie Valley and over Walden's Ridge while the bulk of his army moves west into Alabama before turning east and crossing the Tennessee River on a wide front well below Chattanooga. Once Bragg learns that he has been outflanked and his supply lines are threatened, he abandons Chattanooga and falls back to the vicinity of LaFayette, GA. The two armies will fight a major battle at Chickamauga Creek on September 19th and 20th, 1863. The Battle of Chickamauga was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater and involved the second highest number of casualties in the war following the Battle of Gettysburg. The Union forces fall back to Chattanooga, TN.
The Confederate forces surround Chattanooga and lay siege to the city. In November, Union forces under the command of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant drive the confederate forces from the top of Lookout Mountain and the next day the union forces break the confederate line holding Missionary Ridge and the Army of Tennessee withdraws to Dalton, GA. Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne rear guard action at Ringgold Gap, GA. allows the bulk of the confederate forces with their supplies to withdraw.
1836 Methodists At Darien