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Army of the TN moves to cut the August Railroad

Army of the TN moves to cut the August Railroad


On July 17, 1864, General Thomas crossed at Powers' and Pace's Ferry bridges, and to marched towards Buck Head. General Schofield having already across at the mouth of Soap Creek, marched towards Cross Keys; and General McPherson was ordered to move against the Augusta road at some point east of Decatur near Stone Mountain. General Garrard's cavalry acted with General McPherson, and Generals Stoneman and McCook watched the river and roads below the railroads.


 

Main Article - Army of the TN moves to cut the August Railroad

 

Index:
Army of the Cumberland
Major General George Henry Thomas
Corps: IV, XIV, XX

 

Army of the Tennessee
Major General James B. McPherson
Corps: XV, XVI, XVII

 

Army of the Ohio
Major General John M. Schofield
Corps: XXIII

 

Army of the Cumberland
Major General George Henry Thomas

IV Army Corps
Major General Oliver O. Howard

 

Date Marker[1]

Marker Text

July 12, 1864 060-14

These troops [US] having crossed the river at & near Power´s Ferry July 12, 13, 1864, occupied an inerenched line on this ridge facing S.E. until the 18th ~ the rt. resting on the river, the left near Crossroads Church. Stanley´s & Newton´s men built a trestle bridge at the island July 14, 16, to replace the pontoon required at Pace´s Ferry.

July 17, Wood´s div. left this line & marched 3 mi. S. to Pace´s Ferry to cover the crossing of the 14th A.C. from Cobb County side. Woods route to & from Pace´s was in the difficult terrain between the river & Mt. Paran Road: the division returning that evening.

July 14, 1864 060-15

Howard´s 4th A.C. was aligned along this ridge (Mt. Veron Rd.) from a point 0.5 mi N.E. of Cross Ch. To 1.5 mi. S.W. at the river. These troops reached the Chattahoochee at Power´s & Isom´s ferries. Hascall´s div. (23d A.C.) was entrenched on Howard´s left (along Mt. Veron Rd.), when both lines were adjusted July 14.

Sherman, from h´dq´rs here (July 17-18), directed initial movements of Federal forces, from Roswell to Pace´s Ferry, toward Atlanta.

From these environs the 23d A.C. marched via Sandy Springs to Old Cross Keys, July 17; the 4th via Power´s Fy. Rd. to Buchhead July 18.

July 17, 1864 060-127 Hardy Pace, the owner and later postmaster at Pace´s Ferry Post Office, moved to this area during, the 1820´s. He built his home on (West) Pace´s Ferry road between the present Northside Drive and Randall Mill Road. In 1839 he moved to Vinings.

Early July 17, 1864, a division of the Union 4th Corps was sent here from Powers Ferry to drive the Confederate pickets from the hills between this line and the river and protect the laying of two pontoon bridges at Pace´s Ferry. After spirited skirmishing, the outnumbered Confederates withdrew. About noon, the bridges were ready and the Union 14th and 20th Corps crossed and moved by this point toward Peachtree Creek, the 14th Corps via Howell Mill´ (old Atlanta ~ Pace´s Ferry Road), the 20th Corps via Mt. Paran Road and a military road which is now Northside Drive

July 18, 1864 060-10 The 4th A.C. (last of the 7 Federal corps to leave the river) began its march from Crossroads Church to Buckhead the next day. via Power´s Fy. Rd.

July 18, 1864 060-15

Howard´s 4th A.C. was aligned along this ridge (Mt. Veron Rd.) from a point 0.5 mi N.E. of Cross Ch. To 1.5 mi. S.W. at the river. These troops reached the Chattahoochee at Power´s & Isom´s ferries. Hascall´s div. (23d A.C.) was entrenched on Howard´s left (along Mt. Veron Rd.), when both lines were adjusted July 14.

Sherman, from h´dq´rs here (July 17-18), directed initial movements of Federal forces, from Roswell to Pace´s Ferry, toward Atlanta.

From these environs the 23d A.C. marched via Sandy Springs to Old Cross Keys, July 17; the 4th via Power´s Fy. Rd. to Buchhead July 18.

July 18, 1864 060-20

Howard´s 4th A.C. (Federal), marching from Power´s Ferry, encamped at Buckhead, July 18.

When it was found that a gap in the Federal line N.E. of Atlanta required additional forces, two divs. of Howard´s A.C. were shifted to the left. Stanley´s div., July 19, followed by Wood on the 20th, left Buckhead on Cheshire Bridge Rd. & via the old Williams Mill Road (Briarcliff), joined Schofield´s 23d A.C.

July 18, 1864 060-18

July 18, Brig. Gen. John S. Williams (formerly Grigsby´s) Kentucky brigade, Wheeler´s cav. patrolled this road. Though outnumbered Williams´ troops fought delaying actions to obstruct the march of Howard´s 4th A.C. moving from Crossroads Church to Buckhead. Williams´ brigade with a section of artillery, halted Federal progress at Nancy´s Creek until forced back by superior numbers.

July 19, 1864 044-26

July 19, 1864. When it became apparent that a gap existed in Federal troop deployment along Peachtree Cr. between Peachtree Rd., & the old Williams Mill Rd., two divs. of Howard´s 4th A. C. were sent S. E. from Buckhead to this vicinity to close the gap.

Stanley´s div. marched via the old Cheshire Bridge Rd., camping at the County Line. Wood´s div. followed Stanley the next day. Both columns moving E. on the present LaVista Road turned S. here & crossed S Fork Peachtree Cr. at Durand´s Mill - a shift of troops incident to the Federal advance on Atlanta.

July 19, 1864 060-23 July 19, 1864. Wood´s & Newton´s 4th A.C. divs. moving S. from Buckhead to effect crossings at Peachtree Cr. found the bridge burned. Wood improvised one & crossed two brigades which after a sharp contest with Hardee´s troops [Confederate], drove them to the high ground southward.

Wood held the bridge-head S. of the creek until relieved at dark by Newton´s div. which moved forward the next day to the battlefield of Peachtree Creek near Collier Rd.

Wood´s div. camped -- night of July 19 -- at Buckhead & the next morning it followed Stanley´s route to join Schofield at Pea Vine Cr.

 

XIV Army Corps.
Major General John M. Palmer

 

Date Marker[1]

Marker Text

July 17, 1864 033-086

July 17, 1864. Palmer´s 14th and Hooker´s 20th A. C. [US] crossed to the Fulton Co. side of the river on two pontoon bridges. This passage was covered by Wood´s 4th A.C. div., which marched down Mt. Paran Rd. from Power´s Ferry, 3 mi. N. To divert attention of Johnston´s forces [CS], to crossings below, Stoneman´s cav. was sent S. (July 13) to threaten the A. & W. P. R. R.[2] When it returned (July 16), Blair´s 17th A.C. began its 29 mi. march from Turner´s Fy. to Roswell where it crossed the 17th. This and the passage of the 14th and 20th Corps at Pace´s, completed the crossing of the Federal infantry.

July 17, 1864 060-25B

The 14th and 20th having crossed the river at Pace´s Fy. July 17, 1864, moved E. to this intersection with Mt. Paren & Ridgewood road. The 20th A.C. went into camp that night 2 mi. N.E. of Mt. Paren.

July 18, 1864 060-26A

July 18, 1864. The 14th A.C., which was posted on extreme rt. of the Cumberland Army, left camp at Mt. Paren Rd., crossed Nancy´s Creek & moved S. on Howell Mill Rd. to Peachtree Cr. Mitchell´s brigade of Davis´ Div. covered the Ridgewood Rd. area between Nancy´s Cr. & the River, southward to Peachtree Creek.

July 18, 1864 060-28

July 18, 1864. Ward´s 3rd Division, 20th A.C. moved to this position from Pace´s Ferry to occupy the sector on the immediate right of Howard´s 4th Corps which had marched from Power´s Ferry reaching Buckhead at noon.

The other two 20th A.C. Divisions were aligned West on Pace´s Ferry Road. These, together with the three Divisions of the 14th A.C. continued the federal line to the Chattahoochee River.

July 18, 1864 060-25B

Two 20th A.C. regts. (13th N.J. & 82d Ohio) were sent N.E. in support of Howard´s 4th A.C. on Power´s Fy. RD., at its passage of Nancy´s Creek, enroute to Buckhead.

July 18, 1864 060-52

Federal 14th A.C. advancing from Pace´s Fy. (largely on Howell Mill Rd.) were stubbornly resisted by Wheeler´s vastly outnumbered cavalry. Reynold´s Arkansans, Walthall´s div. Stewart´s A.C., were posted N. of the creek, July 14, to support Wheeler´s operations and to destroy the bridge after his inevitable withdrawal.

July 18, 1864. All Confederate forces moved S. of the creek; Reynold´s troops fired the bridge & from the high ground, covered the approaches with musketry & artillery fire. Johnson´s 14th A.C. division [Union], failing to force a crossing, was halted for the night.

July 19, 1864 060-19

Wood´s & Newton´s divs. marched S. on Peachtree Rd. & in concert with 20th & 14th A. C. westward. forced crossings at Peachtree Cr. Stanley´s div. moved E. by the old Cheshire Bridge Rd. to occupy a wide gap between Peachtree Rd. & Schofield´s A. C. on Pea Vine Creek (near Briarcliff Rd.). Wood´s div. followed Stanley the next day via the same route.

July 19, 1864 060-54

A small tributary of Peachtree Creek, which rises near Pace´s Ferry Road & drains the valley between Arden, Dover, Howell Mill rds. & Moore´s Mill Road; a landmark of military operations in the Summer of 1864.

July 19, Federal 14th A.C. troops encountered determined opposition by Confederate forces in attempting to cross Peachtree creek.

Dilworth´s 3d brigade, Davis div. [Federal] made the 1st crossing at the month of Green Bone Cr., some 250 yds. S. Supported by a brigade of Baird´s div. Geary´s passage of Peachtree Cr. (at N. Side Dr.) depleted the opposition at Howell´s Mills where the rest of Baird´s div. crossed.

 

XX Army Corps.
Major General Joseph Hooker

 

Date Marker[1]

Marker Text

July 17, 1864 033-086

July 17, 1864. Palmer´s 14th and Hooker´s 20th A. C. [US] crossed to the Fulton Co. side of the river on two pontoon bridges. This passage was covered by Wood´s 4th A.C. div., which marched down Mt. Paran Rd. from Power´s Ferry, 3 mi. N. To divert attention of Johnston´s forces [CS], to crossings below, Stoneman´s cav. was sent S. (July 13) to threaten the A. & W. P. R. R.[2] When it returned (July 16), Blair´s 17th A.C. began its 29 mi. march from Turner´s Fy. to Roswell where it crossed the 17th. This and the passage of the 14th and 20th Corps at Pace´s, completed the crossing of the Federal infantry.

July 17, 1864 060-25B

The 14th and 20th having crossed the river at Pace´s Fy. July 17, 1864, moved E. to this intersection with Mt. Paren & Ridgewood road. The 20th A.C. went into camp that night 2 mi. N.E. of Mt. Paren.

July 18, 1864 060-27

Hooker´s Federal 20th Corps, occupied this sector between Howard´s 4th at Buckhead, on the left, & Palmer´s 14th, on the right, at Howell Mill Road.

Williams´ & Geary´s divs. of the 20th, camped in this vicinity that night, while Ward´s div. moved E. to Buckhead where it camped on the right of Howard´s 4th Corps.

July 18, 1864 060-26A

Hooker´s 20th A.C. left camp on Mt. Paren Rd., crossed Nancy´s Cr., & moved E. on Pace´s Ferry Rd. to occupy the gap between the 14th A.C. & Howard´s 4th A.C. which had reached Buckhead at noon via Power´s Ferry Rd. from where it had crossed the Chattahoochee River.

July 18, 1864 060-28

July 18, 1864. Ward´s 3rd Division, 20th A.C. moved to this position from Pace´s Ferry to occupy the sector on the immediate right of Howard´s 4th Corps which had marched from Power´s Ferry reaching Buckhead at noon.

The other two 20th A.C. Divisions were aligned West on Pace´s Ferry Road. These, together with the three Divisions of the 14th A.C. continued the federal line to the Chattahoochee River.

July 18, 1864 060-25B

Two 20th A.C. regts. (13th N.J. & 82d Ohio) were sent N.E. in support of Howard´s 4th A.C. on Power´s Fy. RD., at its passage of Nancy´s Creek, enroute to Buckhead.

July 18, 1864 060-19

Left Wing. Army of the Cumberland, having moved from Power´s Fy., cast up a line of intrenchments covering roads leading E., S., & W. Contact was made with the 20th A. C. to the right (on Pace´s Fy. Rd.) & to the left with Schofield´s 23d A. C. at Goodwin´s.

July 19, 1864 060-28

July 19. Ward remained in camp here while his pioneer corps constructed bridges at Peachtree Creek where his troops crossed the next day to the battlefield of Peachtree Creek along Collier Road.

July 19, 1864 060-27

Geary´s div. moved S.W. (on Arden Rd.), intending to cross Peachtree Cr., at Howell´s Mill. Finding the 14th A.C. there, Geary shifted his column so as to cross above (at North Side Drive). Williams followed Geary the next day to the battlefield of Peachtree Creek.

July 19, 1864 060-55

Geary´s Div. 20th A.C [Federal] camped the previous night Paces ferry Road (at Arden) Moving S.W. on the ridge E. of Green Bone Cr. by a road more or less identical with Arden. Geary´s intonation was to cross Peachtree Cr. at Howell´s Mill. Learning that Palmer´s 14th A.C. was there, Geary shifted his column to the southward near Hiram Casey house and headed for a point .7 mi. above the mills.

On the wooded ridge in the bend of the cr. S. on the hills was massed: 2 batteries were trained on the hills opposite & timber was cut & shaped for a rapid bridging of the stream.

July 19, 1864 060-19

Wood´s & Newton´s divs. marched S. on Peachtree Rd. & in concert with 20th & 14th A. C. westward. forced crossings at Peachtree Cr. Stanley´s div. moved E. by the old Cheshire Bridge Rd. to occupy a wide gap between Peachtree Rd. & Schofield´s A. C. on Pea Vine Creek (near Briarcliff Rd.). Wood´s div. followed Stanley the next day via the same route.

 

 

Army of the Tennessee
Major General James B. McPherson (killed on July 22, 1864)

XV Army Corps.
Major General John A. Logan

 

Date Marker[1]

Marker Text

July 15, 1864 060-6

Here, in 1824, Jacob R. Brooks established a ferry at Shallow Ford where the old Hightower Trail crossed the Chattahoochee.

July 10, 1864. Dodge´s 16th A.C., after a forced march of 27 mi. from the Sandtown Rd. (near Mabletown), via Marietta, reached Roswell. The troops waded the river & relieved Newton´s 4th A.C. div. in the trenches S. of it.

July 15. Logan´s 15th A.C. reached Roswell & crossed on the two bridges built by Dodge´s engineers. With the arrival of Blair´s 17th A.C., July 17, McPherson´s forces [Union] -- reassembled after a long march -- moved toward Decatur. 17 July 17, 1864. The three Federal armies, commanded by Gen. W. T. Sherman, having crossed the Chattahoochee River at Soap Creek, at Power´s and Pace´s ferries, & at Shallow Ford near Roswell, began the moved toward Atlanta on a wide front, designed to approach the city from the North, North-East and East.

McPherson´s Army of the Tennessee, consisting of Logan´s 15th, Dodge´s 16 & Blair´s 17th Corps, having crossed at Shallow Ford, moved on this road toward Decatur, in the sequence as named. Their routes traversed the upper valleys of Nancy´s and Peachtree Creeks.

July 17, 1864 044-4

J.W. Buchanan´s residence (which stood on the Old Hightower Trail), where Peachtree Road crosses, was a landmark of Federal troop movements in July, 1864.

July 17, Garrard´s cav., operating on the left of McPherson´s Army of the Tenn., crossed the Chattahoochee at McAfee´s Bridge and camped that night along the headwaters of Nancy´s Creek west of Buchanan´s.

Logan´s 15th A.C. on Garrard´s rt. camped along the creek, having reached there from Roswell on the old Shallow Ford Rd. The objective of these troops-the destruction of the Ga. R.R.

July 18, 1864 044-17

July 18, 1864. Logan´s troops having detoured from Shallow Ford Rd. to Browning´s Court House (TUCKER), to co-operate with Garrard´s cav, in the destruction of the Georgia R.R. at Stone Mtn. remained in this vicinity while Lightburn´s brigade was sent to support Garrard. When Lightburn returned, Logan withdrew the corps 1.5 mi. W. to Henderson´s mill where it camped that night.

This withdraw served two purposes: to make a more compact front for the Army of the Tennessee & to get an adequate supply of water not available at Browning´s.

July 18, 1864 044-18

Some 300 ft N.W. stood the ante and post bellum grist mill owned and operated by Greenville Henderson (1792-1869) and his son Rufus (1823-1872). The flat, left and rt. of this road was the mill pond area: the mill was demolished 1911.

During the march of Federal Army of the Tenn. from Roswell to Decatur, Logan´s 15th A.C. detoured from Shallow Ford Rd. at Rainey´s and moved to Browning´s Court House (TUCKER) to support Garrard´s foray on the Georgia R.R. For strategic reasons - and lack of water at Browning´s the corp. withdrew here and camped night of July 18, 1864. Its march to Decatur was resumed the next day.

July 18, 1864 044-14

Logan´s 15th A.C., enroute from Roswell to Decatur, detoured via Browning´s to support Garrard´s cavalry in its foray on the Georgia Railroad at Stone Mountain.

Lightburn´s (2d) brigade, Smith´s (2d) div., together with Maj. Hotaling´s contingent of Logan´s escort was sent from here to assist Garrard´s horsemen in destroying the railroad at & near Stone Mountain depot. Logan withdrew to Henderson´s Mill to camp that night.

July 18, 1864 044-18

July 18, 1864. The marching columns of the Army of the Tennessee [USA] having diverged 5.5 miles North West, rejoined here when Dodge´s 16th A.C. moved East from Old Cross Keys to Rainey´s, Blair´s 17th A.C. moved 1.75 miles South on old Shallow Ford road and camped at Blake´s Mill, North Fork Peachtree Creek; Dodge´s 16th 1 mile South (at Candler Road) with headquarters at the Rainey house.

Logan´s 15th A.C. moved South East from here to Browning´s Court House (Tucker) to support General Garrard´s Cavalry in a foray on the Georgia R.R. at Stone Mountain. Logan´s route was approximately the present - day Chamblee-Tucker Road via Antioch and Pleasant Hill churches.

July 19, 1864 044-22

July 19, 1864. The 15th & 17th, two of three corps, McPherson´s Army of the Tenn., forming the left wing of Sherman´s forces advancing on Atlanta, came this way on the last day of their march from Roswell to Decatur.

The other corps, Dodge´s 16th, reached Decatur via Shallow Ford & Clairmont rds. W. of here.

This wide swing to the S.E. from Roswell was for the purpose of destroying the Ga. R.R. between Stone Mtn. & Decatur, in which Garrard´s cav. div., on McPherson´s left, was most active. McPherson´s troops were the ones assailed by Hood´s forces in E. Atlanta, July 22.

 

XVI Army Corps.
Major General Grenville M. Dodge (wounded)

 

Date Marker[1]

Marker Text

July 17, 1864 060-7

July 17, 1864. The three Federal armies, commanded by Gen. W. T. Sherman, having crossed the Chattahoochee River at Soap Creek, at Power´s and Pace´s ferries, & at Shallow Ford near Roswell, began the moved toward Atlanta on a wide front, designed to approach the city from the North, North-East and East.

McPherson´s Army of the Tennessee, consisting of Logan´s 15th, Dodge´s 16 & Blair´s 17th Corps, having crossed at Shallow Ford, moved on this road toward Decatur, in the sequence as named. Their routes traversed the upper valleys of Nancy´s and Peachtree Creeks.

July 17, 1864 044-2

July 17, 1864. At this road-fork (near old Providence Church), the 16th A.C. of the Army of the Tenn enroute from Roswell to Decatur moved by the west fork toward Nancy´s Creek where it camped near Cross Keys.

The 15th A.C. followed by the 17th, continued S.E. on old Shallow Ford Rd to Nancy´s Creek where it camped. Garrard´s cav was posted on the left (east) of the 15th Corps.

The primary purpose of McPherson´s march to Decatur was to seize & destroy the Georgia Railroad between that place and Stone Mountain depot, nine miles N.E. of it.

July 17, 1864 044-4

J.W. Buchanan´s residence (which stood on the Old Hightower Trail), where Peachtree Road crosses, was a landmark of Federal troop movements in July, 1864.

July 17, Garrard´s cav., operating on the left of McPherson´s Army of the Tenn., crossed the Chattahoochee at McAfee´s Bridge and camped that night along the headwaters of Nancy´s Creek west of Buchanan´s.

Logan´s 15th A.C. on Garrard´s rt. camped along the creek, having reached there from Roswell on the old Shallow Ford Rd. The objective of these troops-the destruction of the Ga. R.R.

July 17, 1864 044-5

The march of the corps S. from the road-fork at Providence Church (Dunwoody) was opposed by Col. Geo. G. Dibrell´s brigade of Wheeler´s cav. [CSA]. After a sharp skirmish, the 9th Illinois Mounted Infantry[3] drove Dibrell across the creek and beyond Old Cross Keys. Dodge made contact with Cox´s div., 23d A.C. approaching Old Cross Keys on Rd. from Sandy Springs, also with Blair´s 17th A.C. at Shallow Ford Road 2 mi. upstream, after which Dodge camped at night on both sides of the creek. Dodge´s column thus maintained contact between left and center of the Federal forces.

July 17, 1864 044-6

Cox´s division, 23rd A.C. marching South East from Sandy Springs reached Nancy´s Creek at evening and camped on the north side of it. Dodge´s 16th A.C. having moved south from Roswell, camped on the creek 1 mile north of Old Cross Keys and 1 mile to Cox´s left ~ as Planned.

July 18, 1864 044-6

Both commands [16th and 23rd US] passed through Old Cross Keys settlement. Dodge´s column turned east to the Rainey plantation ~ Cox´s column division south to the Samuel House plantation. Hascall´s division moving from Burdett´s farm on Mt. Paren, joined Cox´s line of march and continued southward from the House plantation.

July 18, 1864 044-8

July 18, 1864. The marching columns of the Army of the Tennessee [USA] having diverged 5.5 miles North West, rejoined here when Dodge´s 16th A.C. moved East from Old Cross Keys to Rainey´s, Blair´s 17th A.C. moved 1.75 miles South on old Shallow Ford road and camped at Blake´s Mill, North Fork Peachtree Creek; Dodge´s 16th 1 mile South (at Candler Road) with headquarters at the Rainey house.

Logan´s 15th A.C. moved South East from here to Browning´s Court House (Tucker) to support General Garrard´s Cavalry in a foray on the Georgia R.R. at Stone Mountain. Logan´s route was approximately the present - day Chamblee-Tucker Road via Antioch and Pleasant Hill churches.

July 19, 1864 044-19

Blair´s 17th A.C. followed by Dodge´s 16th [US], having camped near Blake´s Mill .6 mi. N. on Old Shallow Ford Rd. the night before, moved S. to this point where their lines of march diverged.

Dodge´s troops continued S. on rds. Now designated Briarcliff, Oak Grove, LaVista & Clairmont to Decatur, arriving there at evening. Blair´s corps under orders to follow Logan´s 15th A.C. to Decatur, turned E. along Briarcliff to Henderson´s Mill Rd. where it joined Logan´s column at the present Midway Church. The 15th had camped at Henderson´s Mill.

July 19, 1864 044-22

July 19, 1864. The 15th & 17th, two of three corps, McPherson´s Army of the Tenn., forming the left wing of Sherman´s forces advancing on Atlanta, came this way on the last day of their march from Roswell to Decatur.

The other corps, Dodge´s 16th, reached Decatur via Shallow Ford & Clairmont rds. W. of here.

This wide swing to the S.E. from Roswell was for the purpose of destroying the Ga. R.R. between Stone Mtn. & Decatur, in which Garrard´s cav. div., on McPherson´s left, was most active. McPherson´s troops were the ones assailed by Hood´s forces in E. Atlanta, July 22.

July 19, 1864 044-23

July 19, 1864. Dodge´s 16th A.C., having camped on the North Fork, Peachtree Creek, moved south on old Shallow Ford road to this point where it joined Schofield´s 23d, which had march south east from Goodwin´s Crossing (Brookhaven), along roads now designated Briarwood and North Druid Hills.

The 23d, occupying the road, Dodge made a shift to reach Decatur by cutting a parallel road-crossing South Fork, Peachtree Creek, at Mason´s Mill, present site of Decatur Water Works.

South of the creek, the skirmishers of both Corp were assailed by Wheeler´s cavalry as they moved toward the Decatur Public Square.

 

XVII Army Corps.
Major General Francis P. Blair, Jr.

 

Date Marker[1]

Marker Text

July 17, 1864 060-7

July 17, 1864. The three Federal armies, commanded by Gen. W. T. Sherman, having crossed the Chattahoochee River at Soap Creek, at Power´s and Pace´s ferries, & at Shallow Ford near Roswell, began the moved toward Atlanta on a wide front, designed to approach the city from the North, North-East and East.

McPherson´s Army of the Tennessee, consisting of Logan´s 15th, Dodge´s 16 & Blair´s 17th Corps, having crossed at Shallow Ford, moved on this road toward Decatur, in the sequence as named. Their routes traversed the upper valleys of Nancy´s and Peachtree Creeks.

July 17, 1864 044-4

J.W. Buchanan´s residence (which stood on the Old Hightower Trail), where Peachtree Road crosses, was a landmark of Federal troop movements in July, 1864.

July 17, Garrard´s cav., operating on the left of McPherson´s Army of the Tenn., crossed the Chattahoochee at McAfee´s Bridge and camped that night along the headwaters of Nancy´s Creek west of Buchanan´s.

Logan´s 15th A.C. on Garrard´s rt. camped along the creek, having reached there from Roswell on the old Shallow Ford Rd. The objective of these troops-the destruction of the Ga. R.R.

July 17, 1864 044-5

The march of the corps S. from the road-fork at Providence Church (Dunwoody) was opposed by Col. Geo. G. Dibrell´s brigade of Wheeler´s cav. [CSA]. After a sharp skirmish, the 9th Illinois Mounted Infantry[3] drove Dibrell across the creek and beyond Old Cross Keys. Dodge made contact with Cox´s div., 23d A.C. approaching Old Cross Keys on Rd. from Sandy Springs, also with Blair´s 17th A.C. at Shallow Ford Road 2 mi. upstream, after which Dodge camped at night on both sides of the creek. Dodge´s column thus maintained contact between left and center of the Federal forces.

July 18, 1864 044-8

July 18, 1864. The marching columns of the Army of the Tennessee [USA] having diverged 5.5 miles North West, rejoined here when Dodge´s 16th A.C. moved East from Old Cross Keys to Rainey´s, Blair´s 17th A.C. moved 1.75 miles South on old Shallow Ford road and camped at Blake´s Mill, North Fork Peachtree Creek; Dodge´s 16th 1 mile South (at Candler Road) with headquarters at the Rainey house.

Logan´s 15th A.C. moved South East from here to Browning´s Court House (Tucker) to support General Garrard´s Cavalry in a foray on the Georgia R.R. at Stone Mountain. Logan´s route was approximately the present - day Chamblee-Tucker Road via Antioch and Pleasant Hill churches.

July 18, 1864 044-11

July 18, 1864. Blair´s 17th A.C. of McPherson´s Army of the Tennessee, enroute from Roswell to Decatur, camped here where both McPherson and Blair had headquarters. Dodge´s 16th camped 1 mile north on Rainey plantation where some of Sweeny´s men fought a sham battle using green apples for bullets.

Logan 15th A.C. detoured 1.5 miles north to join Garrard´s cavalry at Browning´s Court House (now Tucker). 4 miles east of here - a move that began the destruction of the Georgia R.R. at Stone Mountain.

July 19, 1864 044-19

Blair´s 17th A.C. followed by Dodge´s 16th [US], having camped near Blake´s Mill .6 mi. N. on Old Shallow Ford Rd. the night before, moved S. to this point where their lines of march diverged.

Dodge´s troops continued S. on rds. Now designated Briarcliff, Oak Grove, LaVista & Clairmont to Decatur, arriving there at evening. Blair´s corps under orders to follow Logan´s 15th A.C. to Decatur, turned E. along Briarcliff to Henderson´s Mill Rd. where it joined Logan´s column at the present Midway Church. The 15th had camped at Henderson´s Mill.

July 19, 1864 044-22

July 19, 1864. The 15th & 17th, two of three corps, McPherson´s Army of the Tenn., forming the left wing of Sherman´s forces advancing on Atlanta, came this way on the last day of their march from Roswell to Decatur.

The other corps, Dodge´s 16th, reached Decatur via Shallow Ford & Clairmont rds. W. of here.

This wide swing to the S.E. from Roswell was for the purpose of destroying the Ga. R.R. between Stone Mtn. & Decatur, in which Garrard´s cav. div., on McPherson´s left, was most active. McPherson´s troops were the ones assailed by Hood´s forces in E. Atlanta, July 22.

 

Army of the Ohio
Major General John M. Schofield

XXIII Army Corps.
Major General John M. Schofield

 

Date Marker[1]

Marker Text

July 8-17, 1864 060-11

Brig. Gen. Milo Hascall´s (2d) div., 23rd A.C. having crossed the Chattahoochee River at Isom´s Ferry (month of Soap Cr.), July 8, 1864, reached this point, evening July 17. This date marked the initial Federal moves upon Atlanta.

Hascall´s march was by routes now known as Mt. Vernon Rd. & Long Island Dr. ~ the Thomas Burdett farm being one of the landmarks cited in records as Hascall´s camping place.

Hascall´s position here was by way of occupying the gap between the 4th A.C. at Crossroads Ch. and Cox´s div. on Nancy´s Cr. near Old Cross keys. July 18, Hascall moved N.E. to join Cox: the 4th A.C., S.E. of Power´s Fy. Rd. to Buckhead.

July 14-17, 1864 060-15

Howard´s 4th A.C. was aligned along this ridge (Mt. Veron Rd.) from a point 0.5 mi N.E. of Cross Ch. To 1.5 mi. S.W. at the river. These troops reached the Chattahoochee at Power´s & Isom´s ferries. Hascall´s div. (23d A.C.) was entrenched on Howard´s left (along Mt. Veron Rd.), when both lines were adjusted July 14.

Sherman, from h´dq´rs here (July 17-18), directed initial movements of Federal forces, from Roswell to Pace´s Ferry, toward Atlanta.

From these environs the 23d A.C. marched via Sandy Springs to Old Cross Keys, July 17; the 4th via Power´s Fy. Rd. to Buchhead July 18.

July 17, 1864 060-13

July 17, 1864. Gen. J. D. Cox´s 23d A.C. [US] enroute from Isom´s Ferry via Mt. Vernon RD., turned S.E. at Sandy Springs & followed a rural trail (now Johnson´s Ferry and Chamblee roads) to & beyond Nancy´s Creek in DeKalb Co. Cox's div was scheduled to meet, at Old Cross Keys, Dodge´s 16th A.C. which was moving south from Roswell. Cox´s column passed this intersection at 5 P.M. & camped at the cr. 1 mi. S. E. July 18. Hascall´s div. left the Burdett farm (on Mt. Paren Rd) & marched N. E. to this point turned S. E. on Cox´s line of march, passing his column at the Samuel House plantation.

July 17, 1864 060-10

Schofield´s 23d A.C. left its river positions near Isom´s Ferry on a march designed to gain the N.E. sector of the final approach to Atlanta by Federal Forces.

Cox´s (3d) div continued to Sandy Springs on this road where a rt turn headed the column on it´s three-day march to Decatur, DeKalb Co. To secure wider coverage of the immediate front, Hascall´s (2d) div. turned south across Long Island Cr. to Mt. Paren Rd. where it camped at or near Burdett farm.

July 17, 1864 044-6

Cox´s division, 23rd A.C. marching South East from Sandy Springs reached Nancy´s Creek at evening and camped on the north side of it. Dodge´s 16th A.C. having moved south from Roswell, camped on the creek 1 mile north of Old Cross Keys and 1 mile to Cox´s left ~ as Planned.

July 17, 1864 044-5

The march of the corps S. from the road-fork at Providence Church (Dunwoody) was opposed by Col. Geo. G. Dibrell´s brigade of Wheeler´s cav. [CSA]. After a sharp skirmish, the 9th Illinois Mounted Infantry[3] drove Dibrell across the creek and beyond Old Cross Keys. Dodge made contact with Cox´s div., 23d A.C. approaching Old Cross Keys on Rd. from Sandy Springs, also with Blair´s 17th A.C. at Shallow Ford Road 2 mi. upstream, after which Dodge camped at night on both sides of the creek. Dodge´s column thus maintained contact between left and center of the Federal forces.

July 18, 1864 044-12

The house on adjacent knoll built 1831, by Solomon Goodwin (circa 1780-1850), oldest extant house in DeKalb County, was a landmark of Federal military operation in these environs during the summer of 1864.

July 18, Hascall´s div., 23d A.C. having marched from Old Cross Keys & Samuel House plantation, turned S.E. here to camp at Johnston´s Mill on N. Fork Peachtree Creek. Cox´s div. of the 23d A.C. formed the center of the Federal armies moving toward Atlanta on the wide front from the Chattahoochee River.

July 18, 1864 044-10

The large brick residence built in 1857 by Samuel House (1798-1873) was a prominent landmark during military operations by Federal forces on the Atlanta front in July, 1864.

Cox´s division of Schofield´s 23rd A.C. reached this vicinity July 18; Schofield, in person, with the div. was here jointed by Sherman who established headquarters at the house.

Cox´s div. camped on the plantation; Hascall´s div., having traversed Cox´s line of march via Old Cross keys, turned S.W. on Peachtree Rd. to Goodwin´s, then S.E. to Johnston´s Mill on N. Fork Peachtree Creek where it camped.

July 18, 1864 044-13

About 0.3 miles upstream North Fork Peachtree Creek, is the site of a mill owned by Wm. Johnston (1789-1855), ~ a landmark of Federal military operations in the summer of 1864. Schofield´s 23d A.C., having crossed the Chattahoochee River at Isom´s Ferry July 8, began its march toward Decatur July 17 via Old Cross Keys and the House plantation. Cox´s division moved South East to Johnston´s mill where it camped night of July 18. This route was taken to enable the 23d A.C. to join McPherson´s Army of the Tennessee likewise marching to Decatur.

July 18, 1864 044-6

Both commands [16th and 23rd US] passed through Old Cross Keys settlement. Dodge´s column turned east to the Rainey plantation ~ Cox´s column division south to the Samuel House plantation.

July 18, 1864 060-19

Left Wing. Army of the Cumberland, having moved from Power´s Fy., cast up a line of intrenchments covering roads leading E., S., & W. Contact was made with the 20th A. C. to the right (on Pace´s Fy. Rd.) & to the left with Schofield´s 23d A. C. at Goodwin´s.

July 19, 1864 044-23

July 19, 1864. Dodge´s 16th A.C., having camped on the North Fork, Peachtree Creek, moved south on old Shallow Ford road to this point where it joined Schofield´s 23d, which had march south east from Goodwin´s Crossing (Brookhaven), along roads now designated Briarwood and North Druid Hills.

The 23d, occupying the road, Dodge made a shift to reach Decatur by cutting a parallel road-crossing South Fork, Peachtree Creek, at Mason´s Mill, present site of Decatur Water Works.

South of the creek, the skirmishers of both Corp were assailed by Wheeler´s cavalry as they moved toward the Decatur Public Square.

July 19, 1864 044-25

The Federal 23d A.C., Army of the Ohio, reached this vicinity via Old Shallow Ford Road (Clairmont) and North Decatur Road, evening of July 19, 1864. This was north east the sector of Sherman´s approach to Atlanta. Cox´s (3d) division bivouacked east of Pea Vine Creek on the Paden plantation, now part of Emory University campus. General Cox´s headquarters were at Judge Paden´s house.

Hascall´s (2d) division camped along Pea Vine Creek south of this point. McPherson´s Army of the Tennessee occupied Decatur; Thomas´s Army of the Cumberland was north of Atlanta, along Peachtree Creek, its right resting on the Chattahoochee River.

 



Notes:

  1.   b  c  d  e  f  g  Marker – This is a link to the marker page on the “Historic Markers across Georgia” section of this web site. The number is the number assigned to each individual marker erected by the Georgia Historical Commission. The page provided a picture of the marker as well as the markers location.
  2.  a b A. & W. P. R. R. - Atlanta and West Point Rail Road - This line connected Atlanta with West Point, Georgia.
  3.  a b c 9th Illinois Mounted Infantry - part of the Second Division, XVI Corps



  4.