The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Ringgold Gap fought on November 27, 1863 during the American Civil War. The Confederate order of Battle is listed separately.


Abbreviations used

Military rank

Other

 



Union Order of Battle - Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
The battle of Ringgold Gap
November 24, 1863 — December 1, 1863

Military Division of the Mississippi
Major-General Ulysses S. Grant

U. S. Army, commanding Eleventh and Twelfth Army Corps [2]
Major-General Joseph Hooker




 



aCol. Ireland states, ”The Seventy-eighth New York Volunteers, Col. H. Hammerstein, and 130 officers and men belonging to the other regiments, were left in camp and on picket“ at Raccoon Mountain. The 78th NY is not mentioned in his report as having taken part in the action at Ringgold Gap.[6]

 



aThe 27th Missouri was left on Missionary Ridge to collect and turn over captured weapons to the ordnance officer.[1]

bThe 32nd Missouri was left at the crossing of the Chickamauga to protect the bridge.[1]


 

 

Army of the Cumberland

XIV Corps

MG John M. Palmer
Escort:

 

 



Union casualties for Major-General Joseph Hook´s command during the Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign.



 


 
Return of casualties in Hookers Command from November 23 to November 27, 1863.
 
[Author — See Vol 31, part 2 O.R. No. 8, Pages 80 - 86; Return of casualties in the Union forces and O.R. No. 112, Report of Brig. Gen. John W. Cruft, page 409.]
 
COMMAND
Killed
Wounded
Missing
Aggregate
 
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Total.

Major-GeneralJoseph Hooker
                 
Total Cruft´s Division
120 11 112 0 2 12 134 146
Total Geary´s Division
at Lookout Mountain
2 20 14 102 0 0 16 122 138
Total Geary´s Division
at Ringgold
5 29 19 150 0 0 25 179 203
Total Osterraus´ Division
6 46 39 298 4 39 49 383 432
Total Hooker´s Command
14 115 83 662 4 41 101 818 919

 


In his official report dated December 12, 1863, General Cruft reports that:

“The head of the column was halted near the Catoosa House. In this position the command was subjected to occasional musketry from the enemy´s sharpshooters at long range, and one man, Private Johnson, Company H, Thirty-sixth Indiana Volunteers, only was killed, and but 2 or 3 others slightly wounded.”


Cruft´s division was not actively engaged at Ringgold. [OR 12 p 149]

 


 
Return of casualties in Cruft´s Division, Union forces. [*]
 
[Author — See Vol 31, part 2 OR 8, Page 80; Return of casualties in the Union forces.]
 
COMMAND
Killed
Wounded
Missing
Aggregate
 
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Total.
ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND.
Maj. Gen. GEORGE H. THOMAS.

FOURTH ARMY CORPS.
Maj. Gen. GORDON GRANGER.

FIRST DIVISION.
Brig. Gen. CHARLES CRUFT.

Second Brigade.
Brig. Gen. WAITER C. WHITAKER.
                 
96 th Illinois
  1 2 12     2 13 15
35th Indiana
    1 10     1 10 11
8th Kentucky
      4       4 4
40th Ohio
1 11 1 15   2 2 28 30
51st Ohio
  1 1 4     1 5 6
99th Ohio
  3 1 12     1 15 16
Total Second Brigade
1 16 6 57 0 2 7 75 82
 
                 
Thrid Brigade.
Col. William Grose.
                 
59th Illinois
  1 4 13     4 14 18
75th Illinois
      2       2 2
84th Illinois
      4       4 4
9th Indiana
  2 1 22     1 24 25
36th Indiana
  1   10       11 11
24th Ohio
      4       4 4
Total Third Brigade
0 4 5 55 0 0 5 59 64
Total First Division
120 11 112 0 2 12 134 146

 


 
Return of casualties in Geary´s Division, Union forces. [*a]
 
[Author — See Vol 31, part 2 OR 8, Page 83; Return of casualties in the Union forces.]
 
COMMAND
Killed
Wounded
Missing
Aggregate
 
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Total.
ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND.
Maj. Gen. GEORGE H. THOMAS.

TWELFTH ARMY CORPS.

SECOND DIVISION.
Brig. Gen. JOHN W. GEARY.

First Brigade.
Col. CHARLES CANDY.a
Col. WILLIAM R. CREIGHTON. b
Col. THOMAS J. AHL.
                 
5th Ohio
                 
7th Ohio
3 13 10 48     13 61 74
29th Ohio
                 
66th Ohio
1 4   10     1 14 15
28th Pennsylvania
  4 3 27     3 31 34
147th Pennsylvania
1   1 17     2 17 19
Total First Brigade
5 21 14 102 0 0 19 123 142
 
                 
Second Brigade.
Col. GEORGE A. CORHAM, Jr.
                 
29th Pennsylvania
  3 2 7     2 10 12
109th Pennsylvania
                 
111th Pennsylvania
  1 2 7     2 8 10
Total Second Brigade.
0 4 4 14 0 0 4 18 22
 
                 
Thrid Brigade.
Col. DAVID IRELARD.
                 
Staff
    1       1   1
60th New York
  7 5 38     5 45 50
78th New York
                 
102d New York
1 2 1 10     2 12 14
137th New York
1 5   32     1 37 38
149th New York
  10 8 56     8 66 74
Total Third Brigade
2 24 15 136 0 0 17 160 177
Total Second Division
7 49 33 252 0 0 40 301 341
 
                 

 


 
Return of casualties in Osterraus´ Division, Union forces. [*b]
 
[Author — See Vol 31, part 2 OR 8, Page 86; Return of casualties in the Union forces.]
 
COMMAND
Killed
Wounded
Missing
Aggregate
 
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Commissioned.
Enlisted.
Total.

ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE.
Maj. Gen. WILLIAM T. SHERMAN.

FIFTEENTH ARMY CORPS.
Maj. Gen. FRANK P. BLAIR, Jr.

FIRST DIVISION.
Brig. Cen. PETER J. OSTERRAUS.

First Brgade.
Brig. Gen. CRARLES R. WOODS.
                 
13th Illinois
1 3 7 51 1   9 54 63
3d Missouri
      7       7 7
12th Missouri
1   4 19   3 5 22 27
17th Missouri
1 4 3 11 1   5 15 20
27th Missouri
  2 1 10     1 12 13
29th Missouri
  2 5 19 2 26 7 47 54
31st Missouri
  1 2 19   6 2 26 28
32d Missouri
      2       2 2
76th Ohio
2 16 3 40   2 5 58 63
Total First Brigade
5 28 25 178 4 37 34 243 277
 
                 
Second Brigade.
Col. JAMES A. WILLIAMSON.
                 
4th Iowa
1 9 1 36   2 2 47 49
9th Iowa
  3   12       15 15
25th Iowa
    7 22     7 22 29
26th Iowa
    4 12     4 12 16
30th Iowa
  4 1 22     1 26 27
31st Iowa
  2 1 16     1 18 19
Total Second Brigade
1 18 14 120 0 2 15 140 155
Total First Division
6 46 39 298 4 39 49 383 432

 



Notes:

  1. * NOTE:a b  Includes skirmishes at Orchard Knob (or Indian Hill) and Bushy Knob (23d); battle of Lookout Mountain and skirmish at foot of Missionary Ridge (24th); Battle of Missionary Ridge (25th); skirmishes at Chickamauga Station, Pea Vine Valley, Pigeon Hills, Tenn., and near Graysville, Ga. (26th), and engagement Ringgold Gap, Taylor´s Ridge, Ga. (27th).


  2. Of the three division of Gen. Hooker's Corps. involved in the battle, only General Geary provides a detailed number of troops under his command at the Battle of Ringgold Gap. General Geary places his strength at 1,989 men at the Battle of Ringgold Gap.[3] At the beginning of the Battle of Missionary Ridge, General Osterhaus division had 3,375 [4] Infantry while General Cruft had 3,134 Infantry[5]. The three division would have had a combined maximum strength of 8,498. Both, Gen. Geary´s and Gen. Osterhaus´ divisions would have lost men killed, wounded or missing at the Battle of Missionary Ridge and would not have been available at Ringgold Gap. Many sources place the strength of General Hooker forces at 12,000, assuming that each division was at full strength with 4,000 men each. Of Gen. Palmer´s XIV A.C., only the 1st Division took part for a short time in the battle at Ringgold. At the beginning of the Lookout Mountain-Ringgold Campaign, the strength of Gen. Palmer´s 1st division that were present for duty was listed as 6082.[8]


  3. The First Brigade and Battery M, 4th United States Artillery, was at Bridgeport Alabama; the 115th Illinois and 84th Indiana, of the Second Brigade, and the 5th Indiana Battery, were at Shellmound, Tennessee, and the 30th Indiana and 77th Pennsylvania, of the Third Brigade, and Battery H, 4th United States Artillery, were at Whiteside's, Tennessee.


  4. Relinquished command on account of sickness (see: Hicks' report)


  5. The First Division of the XII Corps. was guarding the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad from Wartrace Bridge, to Bridgeport, Alabama, etc. Major General Henry W. Slocum, the corps commander, had his headquarters at Tullahoma, Tennessee.


  6. Col. Charles Candy was disabled November 24, 1863.


  7. Col Henry A. Barnum relinquished command on account of sickness (see: Randoll's report).


  8. Chief of Artillery, Twelfth Corps.


  9. Col. Ireland places his casualties at Ringgold as: “The loss of the brigade during the two hours and forty minutes it was engaged, is as follows: Officers killed, none; officers wounded, 8; enlisted men killed, 8; enlisted men wounded, 47. Total, 58.”[7]



References

  1. b THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: OFFICAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES; Published under the direction of the Secretary of War. Washington: Government Printing Office; 1890-91. Series I, Volume 31, Part 2, O.R. No. 192, p 608
  2. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: OFFICAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES; Published under the direction of the Secretary of War. Washington: Government Printing Office; 1890-91. Series I, Volume 31, Part 2, O.R. No. 89, p 314, O.R. No. 3, pp 14 - 24
     • Wikipedia - Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign Confederate order of battle  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chattanooga-Ringgold_Campaign_Union_order_of_battle
  3. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: OFFICAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES; Published under the direction of the Secretary of War. Washington: Government Printing Office; 1890-91. Series I, Volume 31, Part 2, O.R. No. 112, p 409
  4. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: OFFICAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES; Published under the direction of the Secretary of War. Washington: Government Printing Office; 1890-91. Series I, Volume 31, Part 2, O.R. No. 191, p 598 - 599
  5. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: OFFICAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES; Published under the direction of the Secretary of War. Washington: Government Printing Office; 1890-91. Series I, Volume 31, Part 2, O.R. No. 12, p 142
  6. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: OFFICAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES; Published under the direction of the Secretary of War. Washington: Government Printing Office; 1890-91. Series I, Volume 31, Part 2, O.R. No. 123, p 435
  7. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: OFFICAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES; Published under the direction of the Secretary of War. Washington: Government Printing Office; 1890-91. Series I, Volume 31, Part 2, O.R. No. 123, p 439
  8. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: OFFICAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES; Published under the direction of the Secretary of War. Washington: Government Printing Office; 1890-91. Series I, Volume 31, Part 2, O.R. No. 2, p 13