Battle of Cheatham Hill - Kennesaw Mountain

On June 27, 1864, more than 8,000 Union infantrymen attacked an equal number of well-entrenched Confederates along this low-lying hill. One Tennessee veteran compared the assault to "ocean waves driven by a hurricane ... sweeping on as if by a irresistible impulse."


The Confederates repulsed the first federal charge. While attempting to rally his eight Union regiments, 27 year old Brig. Gen. Charles G. Harker was shot off his white horse. Although one Federal brigade reached the Confederate lines, Union troops soon retreated in disarray.[4]



 

Assault on Pigeon Hill - Kennesaw Mountain

On the morning of June 27, 1864, three brigades totaling 5,500 soldiers from Ohio, Indiana and Illinois charged toward Pigeon Hill. Advancing in battle lines astride Burnt Hickory Road, one Union brigade overran the Georgian held rifle pits near this location while two other brigades crossed Old Mountain Road.


Once beyond the road, the attack ran into felled trees and other Confederate-built obstacles on Pigeon Hill. As the Federals struggled over the obstructions and rough terrain, the well-entrenched Southerners opened fire with musketry and cannon; some Confederates on Little Kennesaw even heaved boulders. The Union troops sought cover at the assault crumbled.


By noon the Union forces had withdraw to Old Mountain Road and after dark they returned to their lines. The assault cost the Federals more than 850 killed, wounded, or missing soldiers; the Confederate casualties numbered about 250. [5]




References

  1. Richard M. McMurry; Atlanta 1864 - Last chance for the Confederacy; University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln Nebraska; ©2000; pp 104 - 111
  2. Wikipedia - Battle of Kennesaw Mountain  [Online]
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kennesaw_Mountain
  3. Richard M. McMurry; Atlanta 1864 - Last chance for the Confederacy; University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln Nebraska; ©2000; pp 104 - 111
     • Historic Markers Across Georgia - The Only Advantage of the Day GHM 033-062  [Online] http://www.lat34north.com/HistoricMarkers/MarkerDetail.cfm?KeyID=033-062&MarkerTitle=The%20Only%20Advantage%20of%20the%20Day
  4. National Park Service marker - Climax at Cheatham Hill  [Online] http://www.lat34north.com/HistoricMarkers/MarkerDetail.cfm?KeyID=033-KS11&MarkerTitle=Climax%20at%20Cheatham%20Hill
  5. National Park Service marker - Assault on Pigeon Hill  [Online] http://www.lat34north.com/HistoricMarkers/MarkerDetail.cfm?KeyID=033-KS7&MarkerTitle=Assault on Pigeon Hill