The Battle of Peachtree Creek

Battle of Peachtree Creek
Part of the Atlanta Campaign

"Few battlefields of the war have been strewn so thickly with dead and wounded as they lay that evening around Collier's Mill." (Union Major Gen. J.D. Cox.)
Synopsis
Date July 20, 1864
Location Fulton County, Georgia
Result Union victory
Belligerents
Flag of the United States United States (Union)
Flag of Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders
George H. Thomas
John B. Hood
Forces Engaged
Army of the
Cumberland
Army of Tennessee
Casualties and losses
1,710
4,796

 

 ◊  Confederate Order of Battle - Battle of Peachtree Creek.
 ◊  Union Order of Battle - Battle of Peachtree Creek.

 

The Battle of Peachtree Creek was the first of three desperate Confederate attacks on the armies commanded by Maj. General William T. Sherman which were closing in on Atlanta. Although heavy skirmishing occurred between the Federal right and the Confederate left, which extended west to Moore´s Mill Road, and other forces were engaged east of Atlanta, the actual battle was fought along a two - mile front extending from Clear Creek (east of Brookwood Hills) to Howell Mill Road along Collier and Northfleet roads, one of the most costly here along Tanyard Branch at Collier Mill. After 70 days of slow retreat Dalton (88 miles N.), forcing the enemy to fight for every mile, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston´s Confederate Army of Tennessee (Hardee´s, Hood´s and Stewart´s corp. and Wheeler´s cavalry corps) crossed the Chattahoochee River at Bolton late on July 9th and retires toward Atlanta. Although Atlanta was encircled by 12 miles of forts and parapets which Sherman termed "unassailable", Johnston was not ready to use them. He watched closely for the time when Sherman's stronger forces would cross upriver to approach Atlanta beyond mutual support. Now he sensed that Sherman left wing would cross upriver to approach Atlanta from the east while his right wing crossed near Peachtree Creek. While they were miles apart, he planned to attack the exposed right wing.


And some detailed information and more photos

 



For more information on The Battle of Peachtree Creek, see:

  1. CWSAC Battle Summary - Atlanta
  2. Wikipedia - Battle of Peachtree Creek
  3. Peachtree Creek Civil War Georgia - American Civil War July 20, 1864
  4. About North Georgia - Battle of Peachtree Creek
  5. Atlanta Defenses and Batteries Map
  6. Wikipedia - Atlanta Campaign Union order of battle
  7. Wikipedia - Atlanta Campaign Confederate order of battle