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Series 1 Volume XXXVIII; Part 2

Official Report Number 315



 
Report of Lieut. Col. Charles H. Butterfield, Ninety-First Indiana
Infantry, of operations June 4-July 31.
 
HDQRS. NINETY-FIRST INDIANA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY,
Before Atlanta, Ga., July 31, 1864.
 

LIEUTENANT: In compliance with instructions from division headquarters, I have the honor to submit the following report of the Ninety-first Indiana Volunteer Infantry:


The regiment was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Twenty-third Army Cops, June 4, 1864, and participated in its various movements until June 10, at which time it was put in position in front of the enemy's works, which were situated on Pine Ridge. The regiment remained in this position until the morning of June 15, up to which time no casualties occurred. The enemy having been driven from his works, orders were received to move, and the Ninety-first in company with the other regiments of the brigade, advanced in line of battle and took possession of the rebel works at 3 p. m. June 15. At 4 p m. of the same day, in obedience to orders from the brigade commander, the regiment advanced with the brigade a distance of half a mile, driving the enemy and sustaining a loss of 8 men killed and wounded. As this advance was merely a demonstration, the regiment was ordered to fall back to its line of works, where it remained until June 16, when another advance was made over the same ground under a brisk fire from the enemy's skirmishers, a number of whom were killed and taken prisoners in our front. After having advanced half a mile the regiment halted and threw up works, where it remained until the next morning, June 17.


At 8 a. m. June 17 the regiment, in company with the brigade, advanced from three to four miles without any loss, went into position, where it remained until June 19, when it advanced two miles without opposition, went into position, where we remained until June 22, at which time our regiment moved to Powder Springs and Marietta road, where it remained until next day. June 23 engaged in building works in front of the enemy, where we remained until the morning of July 1, during which time the regiment was subject to a heavy fire from the enemy's skirmishers, losing several men, wounded.


July 1, received orders to march the regiment in company with the brigade about four miles to the right, where we encountered the enemy. The brigade having been formed in line of battle-the Ninety-first was in the front line on the right of the Third Tennessee Infantry-and Companies A and F being deployed as skirmishers, we advanced from two to three miles under a brisk fire from the enemy's artillery and musketry. The regiment lost 2 commissioned officers and 8 enlisted men wounded. Went into position and remained until July 2, when it was ordered a short distance to the rear, where we turned over our old guns and drew new ones. Remained in reserve until July 6, when the regiment moved to Ruff's Station on Georgia railroad. From the 6th of July to the 20th the regiment was with the brigade in its various movements from Ruff's Station to the east bank of the Chattahoochee River, during which time no casualties occurred in it. On the 20th, as the brigade was advancing on the Atlanta and Decatur road, Companies A and B were sent out as skirmishers under command of Captain Clark, of Company B, and assisted in driving the enemy, with a loss of 3 men wounded. The companies captured during the afternoon from 15 to 20 prisoners. On the morning of the 22d the pickets of the Ninety-first in front of the First Brigade took possession of the rebel works in their front without opposition. Immediately after the regiment moved in also.


In the morning, after taking possession of the enemy's works, the regiment with the brigade advanced within sight of Atlanta and threw up works under sharp shelling from the enemy, in or near which position it remained until the 1st day of August, when orders were received to be ready to march at dark; did so and marched about ten miles.


On the 2d marched with brigade from left to the exteme right and camped for the night. Throwing up temporary works on the 3d, the brigade advanced on the enemy about three-quarters of a mile, Ninety-first in front line, with Twenty-fifth Michigan on the left; took position on crest of a ridge• and threw up works under heavy fire of enemy's sharpshooters and artillery, where the regiment remained until the 6th, sustaining a loss of 3 men. On the 6th the regiment moved with the brigade to right of Third Division, and in the afternoon was ordered with the brigade to charge the enemy, who was on the crest of a hill with some artillery. Ninety-first Indiana was in front line, with Twenty-fifth Michigan on the left. The brigade charged and drove the rebels from their position, the Ninety-first Indiana losing 19 men killed and wounded. From that date to the 12th the regiment has been engaged in the various operations of the brigade, building breast-works, and in various duties known to you.


I herewith append a list of casualties. *


I am, lieutenant, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


 
CHAS. H. BUTTERFIELD,
Lieut. Col., Comdg. Ninety-first Indiana Vol. Infty.
 
Lieut. J. S. A. BLANG,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.
 
 
* Aggregating 5 men killed, 8 officers and 48 men wounded, and 1 man missing ; total, 62.

 

 
Title: The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies.
Series 1Volume XXXVIII; Part 2 - Reports; Page 589 - 590
Chapter:L - The Atlanta, Ga., Campaign. May 1-September 8, 1864.
Author: United States. War Dept., John Sheldon Moody, Calvin Duvall Cowles, Frederick Caryton Ainsworth, Robert N. Scott, Henry Martyn Lazelle, George Breckenridge Davis, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph William Kirkley
Published: Washington: Government Printing Office
Date: 1891