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Series 1 Volume XXXVIII; Part 3

Official Report Number 655

Reports of Maj. Gen. Henry D. Clayton, C. S. Army, commanding division
(formerly Stewards) of operations July 22, 28, in August 30 31.
Headquarters Clayton's Division
Near Atlanta, Ga., August 27, 1864.

Major: I have the honor to submit the following report of the battle of the 22d July, 1864:

This division, composed of Stoval’s brigade (Col. A. Johnson commanding), Baker's brigade (Col. J. H. Higley commanding), Gibson’s brigade (General R. L. Gibson commanding), and Holtzclaw’s brigade (Col. Bush. Jones commanding), being in the trenches of the northeast of Atlanta, about 4 p.m. I was ordered to close to the right, my extreme right remaining fixed, and forming in two lines to begin the attack upon the enemy and my front and upon the left of Hindman’s division, already engaged. I placed Baker's and Stovall’s brigades in the front lines, and Gibson’s and Holtzclaw’s in the rear. I then ordered Col. Johnson to move forward and make the attack, forming a connection with Hindman’s division upon his right, and that Col. Jones should follow at a given interval. Observing a considerable force of the enemy moving down his line from my left to the right, I ordered Major Eldridge, commanding the artillery battalion attached to the vision, to move out and opened fire. This was done, but with what effect I was able to judge. At the same time I ordered Col. Higley to move his brigade forward, but deemed it important to meet this movement of the enemy and at least check it, I ordered him to change his front obliquely to the left and attack. This he did in good style, and, together with the artillery, check the movement of that direction. General Gibson's brigade was moved to the right in support of Hindman’s division, which had now been repulsed, by the enemy failing to pursue, it did not become engaged. Stovall’s and Holtzclaw’s brigades, after having made gallant assaults and driven the enemy from their works, were also in turn driven back with considerable loss, the enemy moving from the front of Hindman’s division upon their right. Colonel Jones still held his brigade together, when, riding out upon his right, I discovered the enemy moving upon the flank. Ordered him to change his direction and move back about 100 yards to an advantageous position, were I also found General Manigault and a portion of his brigade, whom I ordered the form upon Colonel Jones’ left. All the other troops having left of the field except Colonel Higley, who was a few hundred yards to my left and still skirmishing with the enemy, I ordered him to withdraw, retaining General Manigault and Colonel Jones in position until tonight, when I received orders to withdrawal them also.

In this engagement I lost many brave men and officers. Conspicuously among the latter were Lieutenant-Colonel Brown, of First Georgia State Line, Stovall’s brigade; the Lieutenant-Colonel Greene, Thirty-seventh Alabama, Baker's brigade; and Maj. Shep. Ruffin, of the Eighteenth Alabama, then commanding the Thirty-eighth Alabama, Holtzclaw’s brigade.

I conclude this report by tendering my thanks to Maj. R. A. Hatcher, assistant adjutant general, and Cadet M. H. Jones, acting aide-de-camp, for their zealous and fearless discharge of duty. Herewith I submit the report of several brigade commanders.

H. D. Clayton
Maj. J. W. Ratchford,
 Assistant Adjustant-General.


Title: The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies.
Series 1Volume XXXVIII; Part 3 - Reports - Confederate; Page 655
Chapter:L - The Atlanta, Ga., Campaign. May 1-September 8, 1864.
Author: United States. War Dept., John Sheldon Moody, Calvin Duvall Cowles, Frederick Caryton Ainsworth, Robert N. Scott, Henry Martyn Lazelle, George Breckenridge Davis, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph William Kirkley
Published: Washington: Government Printing Office
Date: 1891