Historic Markers Across Georgia

Croatan Indian Community

Marker ID: GHS 16-1
Location: on Adabelle Rd at US 301
County: Bulloch
Coordinates: N 32° 17.418    W 081° 52.515
  32.2903    -81.87525
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: WM4BBX
Croatan Indian Community  Marker  


In 1870 a group of Croatan Indians migrated from their homes in Robeson County North Carolina, following the turpentine industry to southeast Georgia. Eventually many of the Croatans became tenant farmers for the Adabelle Trading Company, growing cotton and tobacco. The Croatan community established the Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Adabelle, as well as a school and a nearby cemetery. After the collapse of the Adabelle Trading Company, the Croatans faced both economic hardship and social injustice. As a result, most members of the community returned to North Carolina by 1920. The tribe to which these families belonged became known as the Lumbee in the early 1950s.

Georgia Historical Society and the
2004.1 Bulloch County Historical Society 16-1


More information:
Wikipedia - Croatan