Historic Markers Across Georgia

First Shoupade

Marker ID:  
Location: On the east side of Oakdale Rd. between Dunagan Dr. and Fort Dr., Smyrna, GA
County: Cobb
Coordinates: N 33° 50.199    W 084° 29.513
  33.83665    -84.49188333
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: WMGD82
First Shoupade Marker  


Before you are the earthen remains of a Civil War fort of unique design. Upon seeing these forts, Confederate Major General G. W. Smith said that their designer- Brigadier General Francis Shoup - would become famous, and Smith called them Shoupades. The name stuck, and we still call them Shoupades today.

This marker is behind the fort, near the opening that allowed access for soldiers. While each arrowhead-shaped Shoupade was similar in design, their dimensions could vary. The "standard" size was intended to hold as many as 80 men. Depending on the terrain, each fort was 60 to 175 yards from the next one. The Shoupades in this section of the river line were on a ridge, facing north.

Each fort had inner and outer horizontal log walls, the outer walls rising 15 to 20 feet high (see illustration). The inner walls were not as high, and between the walls was packed earth on which the riflemen stood. What you see today is the earth that was between the log walls.

Between the Shoupades were palisades - sharpened logs standing vertically - defended by infantry; but rather than connecting the Shoupades directly, the palisades formed a reentrant angle, where an artillery redan held two guns. The objective was to channel any attack into areas that could be swept by both rifle and cannon fire.

To the right (east) of this Shoupade is a low line of earth leading to an artillery redan. This line is the remains of the base of the palisades.


First Shoupade
Historic Markers Across Georgia Historic Markers Across Georgia


Map of Soupade Park

Map of Soupade Park


Model of a Soupade Fort

Model of a Soupade Fort

Model of a Soupade Fort
By Bill Scaife


Second Soupade Fort

Second Soupade Fort Line where the palisade east of Soupade 1 and the artillery redan


Google Map view of Soupade Park

Google Map view of Soupade Park
Soupade 2 is on the top of the hill on the right.
It is surrounded by a black chain link fence.


For more information on the history of Johnston's River Line:

Historic Markers


The Chattahoochee River Line
An American Maginot

by William R. Scaife and William E. Erquitt
ISBN: 0-9619508-5-4

Hells´s Broke Loose in Georgia
Survival in a Civil War Regiment

by Scott Walker
ISBN: 978-0-8203-2605-04