Historic Markers Across Georgia

Artillery Redan

Marker ID:  
Location: On the east side of Oakdale Rd. between Dunagan Dr. and Fort Dr., Smyrna, GA
County: Cobb
Coordinates: N 33° 50.207    W 084° 29.461
  33.83678333    -84.49101666
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: WMGD84
Artillery Redan Marker  


The palisade was interrupted at this point for an artillery redan, an earth structure designed to protect two canons. The lower sections in the wall of the redan indicate where the muscle of each gun would protrude. Of the three dozen or so redans that once existed along the River Line, this is the only one that remains.

By far the most common cannon used by both sides was a 12-pounder Napoleon, a smoothbore gun. The Napoleon didn't have the range or accuracy of the rifled gun, but it could fire many different types of ordnance (shot, shell, grape, canister, etc.) and could be used to duel the opposing artillery, shell enemy troops at a distance, or blast attacking infantry.

This photo, taken by George N, Barnard, shows a Napoleon in the defense of Atlanta while federal troops occupied the city in September 1864. This same cannon is on display in the Kennesaw Mountain National Park Visitor Center, about ten miles northwest. While we don't know for certain which artillery unit occupied this redan, we do know that all the batteries that were assigned to this section of the River Line were equipped with 12-pounder Napoleons or 3-inch ordnance rifles.


Artillery Redan
Historic Markers Across Georgia #Title#

Historic Markers Across Georgia


Map of Soupade Park

Map of Soupade Park


Model of a Soupade Fort

Model of a Soupade Fort

Model of a Soupade Fort
By Bill Scaife


Second Soupade Fort

Second Soupade Fort Line where the palisade east of Soupade 1 and the artillery redan


Google Map view of Soupade Park

Google Map view of Soupade Park
Soupade 2 is on the top of the hill on the right.
It is surrounded by a black chain link fence.


For more information on the history of Johnston's River Line:

Historic Markers


The Chattahoochee River Line
An American Maginot

by William R. Scaife and William E. Erquitt
ISBN: 0-9619508-5-4

Hells´s Broke Loose in Georgia
Survival in a Civil War Regiment

by Scott Walker
ISBN: 978-0-8203-2605-04