Historic Markers Across Georgia



White Oak Gap



Marker ID: CHT 8
Location: on White Oak Rd (GA 6), west of Trenton, GA
County: Dade
Coordinates:   
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: None
 



Text:

White Oak Gap is a natural break that provides access to Lookout valley from the rugged heights of Sand Mountain west of Trenton. Several divisions of the Federal Army of the Cumberland used this gap in their Invasion of Georgia In September 1864. Captain Francis W. Perry, Company I, 10th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment later wrote: I shall never forget the laborious and hazardous march as we approached the southern dedivity and commenced the descent The night was dark and as we commenced our descent the valley was one expanse of Impenetrable darkness, except for the camp-fires of advanced regiments dotting the darkness hundreds of feet below, like so many stars scattered along the valley, forming a grand and most beautiful site. The descent was hazardous for heavy teams. Wheels were chained, fires or other lights placed at every dangerous angle, and every precaution taken for safety. Yet, some loads became unmanageable and went over the precipices below to meet destruction, or broke down and had to be rolled out of the way." One after another, the regiments of soldiers in blue uniforms passed through the gap on their way to the Battle of Chickamauga. Two divisions of General George Thomas' 14th Army Corps of the Federal Army of the Cumberland and one division of General McCook's 20th Army Corps used this route. Two months later, General William T. Sherman brought his army from Mississippi to aid the besieged Federals at Chattanooga. Sherman feared that his army would come under attack while on the march along the railroad to Chattanooga. As a diversion, he sent a division led by his brother-In-law, General Hugh Ewing, over Sand Mountain and through White Oak Gap Into Lookout Valley.


Colonel James Cooper Nisbet had returned to Dade County for a visit to his home at the same time General Ewing's Federals came off Sand Mountain. "As 1 rode Into Trenton," he later wrote, "I saw two old citizens watching a signal flag that was being waved In the White Oak Gap on Sand Mountain opposite the town. After greetings, they asked me If I knew what that flag meant, and said they had heard that morning that there was a force of Yanks advancing from Bridgeport, Alabama, which had camped on Sand Mountain the previous night. While we were talking, a regiment of cavalry was seen -n the gap. They wound down the mountain road, and then a Battery appeared, halted and planted a gun on an open bench, and directly a shell came shrieking over us. I was cut off from going home via the valley road. I watched a blue regiment of cavalry until they reached the outskirts of the town."

Colonel Nisbet was able to escape, and even visited his parents In the south of the county before returning to his command. General Ewing burned Trenton and made the Confederates think that all of Sherman's Army was with him before proceeding on to Chattanooga to take part In the Battle of Missionary Ridge. For the rest of the war, White Oak Gap was used as a regular landmark by military patrols on periodic visits to Dade County.

Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail - - White Oak Gap



 
Notes:

This marker is part of the Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail, Army of the Cumberland site #8 - White Oak Gap

For more information on the Battle of Chickamauga:
Civil War Historic Markers Across Georgia - Battle of Chickamauga
Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga