Historic Markers Across Georgia

Decatur County During the Creek and Seminole Wars Era

Marker ID: HCC 
Location: on the bluff in J. D. Chason Park, W. Jackson St, Bainbridge, GA
County: Decatur
Coordinates: N 30° 54.495    W 084° 34.757
  30.90825    -84.57928333
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: WMM927
Decatur County During the Creek and Seminole Wars Era Marker
Photo by Markerman


Decatur County was once a frontier region shared by the Creek and the Seminole Nations. The Creeks, comprised of dozens of loosely associate groups, lived primarily along the southern reaches of the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers in Alabama and Georgia. The closely-related Seminoles came together through similar alliances in Florida. Many of these people originally migrated to the region in the late 1700s and early 1800s to escape the pressures of American encroachment.
In the early 1800s, several Native American towns with historic ties to both the Creeks and Seminoles occupied this region. Prominent among these were the town of Pucknawhitla and Fowltown. Pucknawhitla stood within the city limits of what is now Bainbridge, while Fowltown, or Tutalosi Talofa in the Muskogee language, actually moved to multiple locations over a period of years. At the time of the First Seminole War (1817), it was located about four miles to the south. Other towns in the immediate area included Tamathli, Attapulgus, Wekiva, and Mikasuki.

Non-native settlement of what is now the city if Bainbridge dates to the 1770s, when Englishman James Burges established a trading post known widely as "Burges Town"on the Banks of the Flint River. Burges served briefly as an interpreter for the United States Creek Agency after its establishment in the 1790s. Bainbridge can trace its roots more directly to the small American settlement that developed here after the First Seminole War, however. The community, named after Commodore William Bainbridge, commander of the U.S.S. Constitution ("Old Ironsides"), was established in the early 1820s and officially incorporated in 1829.

Historic Chattahoochee Commission, Georgia Department of Economic Development and Georgia Council for the Arts, Decatur County Commission, Decatur County Historical and Genealogical Society, Bainbridge State College and City of Bainbridge

Decatur County During the Creek and Seminole Wars Era
Photo by Markerman


Explore more:
Wikipedia: Seminole
Seminole Nation: Seminole Nation
Wikipedia: Seminole Wars
Wikipedia: Muscogee (Creek) Nation
Muscogee (Creek) Nation: Muscogee (Creek) Nation
Wikipedia: Creek War
Wikipedia: Creek War of 1836
Wikipedia: Andrew Jackson-First_Seminole_War