Historic Markers Across Georgia



The Evacuation of Atlanta



Marker ID: UDC 
Location: At the GA State Capital, on Washington St., Atlanta, GA
County: Fulton
Coordinates: N 33° 44.958    W 084° 23.326
  33.7493    -84.38876666
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: WM8HT2
The Evacuation of Atlanta Marker  



Text:

On July 30, 1864, General Hood, retaining Stewart´s corps in Atlanta, sent Hardee and Lee to Jonesboro to dispossess the enemy whose seizure of the railway at this point was ominous of the approaching end, since it threatened communication on the South. The fate of Atlanta depended upon this final phase of the campaign. In the event of failure, Lee was ordered to return in the direction of Atlanta, so as to cover the city´s evacuation.

Though a heavy loss was inflicted upon the federals at Jonesboro, the attack failed. Out of the two Corps engaged in this action, on the Confederate side, there were only 1,400 killed and wounded, but the loss of Jonesboro necessitated the evacuation of Atlanta, and with the fall of the Confederate Citadel fell the Confederacy itself. Its effect upon the political situation at the North was pronounced. Eight months later came Greensboro and Appomattox. The total losses sustained in the engagements around Atlanta were estimated by Hood at 5,247 men.

On September 2, 1864 General Sherman took possession and having issued his merciless order to the inhabitants. Within a few days thereafter, he reduced the City to ashes.

Erected by the Atlanta chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy,
1920



 
Notes:

For more information on The Battle of Jonesboro and The Evacuation of Atlanta:



Battle of Jonesboro

The Battle of Jonesboro

CWSAC –Battle Summary

History & Archaeology –Atlanta Campaign

NY Times - Details of the Evacuation of Atlanta The Conflagration - November 27, 1864

Transfer Point - GHM 031-6

Exile Camp - GHM 135-7

 

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