Historic Markers Across Georgia

Frederica - Indian Interpreter

Marker ID: NPS 
Location: at Fort Frederica National Monument on Mimosa Dr., Saint Simons Island, GA
County: Glynn
Coordinates: N 31° 13.408    W 081° 23.478
  31.22346666    -81.3913
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: None


Mary Musgrove Matthews "has always been in great esteen with the General,¨. for being half Indian by extract, she had a very great influence upon many of them, particulary the Creek Nation¨¨"
William Stephens February 22, 1740

In 1743, Mary Musgrove Matthews, General Oglethorpe's Indian interpreter, lived on this lot. She had a good house made of tabby- a type of concrete made with water, sand, lime, and oyster shells.

The daughter of a white trader and a Creek Indian mother, Mary left the Indians at the age of 10 to receive a Christian education in South Carolina. A skillful interpreter, negotiator, and trader, she helped Oglethorpe win the friendship and support of the Indians.

Erected by National Park Service


More information:
NPS - Fort Frederica National Monument
NPS - Fort Frederica National Monument
Wikipedia - Fort Frederica National Monument
Explore Georgia - Fort Frederica National Monument - Saint Simons Island, GA