Historic Markers Across Georgia



Frederica - The Fort



Marker ID: NPS 
Location: at Fort Frederica National Monument on Mimosa Dr., Saint Simons Island, GA
County: Glynn
Coordinates: N 31° 13.443    W 081° 23.576
  31.22405    -81.39293333
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: WMGJF2
Frederica - The Fort Marker  



Text:

"In the morning, Mr. Oglethorpe began to mark out a fort with four bastions, and taught the men how to dig the ditch, and raise and turf the rampart."
Francis Moore 1736 A Voyage to Georgia

General Oglethorpe chose this site for Frederica's fort. It was high ground on a river bend where cannon could hold off Spanish ships upstream or downstream. Flanking marshes gave protection against land attack, And there was plenty of timber for building fortifications.

The fort at Frederica became the center of military operations along the Southern frontier of the British colonies. From here Oglethorpe launched offensives against the Spanish at St. Augustine. The Spanish invaded Georgia in 1742, but were turned back before they reached Frederica.

The fort was eventually leveled-not by the Spanish, but by time and the elements. Archeological excavations in the 1950s confirmed the locations of palisades, walls, and buildings. Earthworks have been partially reconstructed.

Erected by National Park Service.



 

Frederica - The Fort

Notes:

More information:
NPS - Fort Frederica National Monument
NPS - Fort Frederica National Monument
Wikipedia - Fort Frederica National Monument
Explore Georgia - Fort Frederica National Monument - Saint Simons Island, GA

 

063-A52