Historic Markers Across Georgia

Stockade Branch

Marker ID: NPS 
Location: Andersonville NHS, Andersonville, GA
County: Macon
Coordinates: N 32° 11.663    W 084° 07.852
  32.19438333    -84.13086666
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: WMWJ16


Stockade Branch

This stream, a branch of Sweetwater Creek, was the prison's water supply. Today's neatly dredged channel is misleading. When the prison was built, the stockade posts slowed the current, turning the streambanks into acres of stagnant swamp.

The prisoner's latrines stood downstream. Overcrowding soon fouled water, and the sluggish current failed to wash sewage out of the prison. The streams' bacteria quickly became lethal.

The painting is from the opposite side of the camp looking upstream toward the sources of Stockade Branch.

To Confederate officials, this source of freshwater made Andersonville an ideal site for a prison. Just upstream, however, the bakehouse and guards's camp polluted the creek before it even entered the stockade.

"This little creek was our only water supply, and when we would go after water we would often sink to our hips in the mire, and men would often have to be dragged out by their comrades." -- Charles C Fosdick, 5th Iowa infantry February 26, 1864"


For more information on Andersonville Prison (Camp Sumter):
Historical background about the infamous Andersonville Prison.
angelfire - Andersonville Civil War Prison
wikipedia - Andersonville Prison, February 1864 - April 1865
U.S. National Park Service - Andersonville National Historic Site
thewildgeese - Father Peter Whelan: Serving the Blue and the Gray
Wikipedia - Father Peter Whelan