Historic Markers Across Alabama



Southern Railway Station Attack



Marker ID: ACRT 1
Location: 126 West 4th Street, Anniston, AL
County: Calhoun
Coordinates: N 33° 38.951    W 085° 49.927
  33.64918333    -85.83211666
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: None
 



Text:

Southern Railway Station Attack
January 2, 1961

—Anniston Civil Rights Trail —


Local "Jim Crow" laws in the first half of the 20th century enforced racial segregation in public transportation facilities throughout the South. The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Boynton v. Virginia (1960) upheld that segregation in these facilities was illegal, yet African American Talladega College student Art Bacon encountered hostility when he arrived by train at this station. As he left the station, he was beaten by five white men for sitting in the formerly "whites-only" waiting room.

Four days later, Talladega College students and faculty marched peacefully along Gurnee Avenue, at one point circling the police station, in protest of the assault.


Erected 2016 by City of Anniston Historic Trails Program.



Notes:

Pictures of this marker maybe found on HMDB.org.

More information:
Anniston Civil Rights Trail Map (PDF)
Wikipedia - Mob violence in Anniston and Birmingham
Wikipedia - Freedom Riders
Wikipedia - Jim Crow laws



End of Southern Railway Station Attack