Historic Markers Across Alabama

Trailways Bus Station Attack

Marker ID: ACRT 2
Location: 901 Noble Street, Anniston, AL
County: Calhoun
Coordinates: N 33° 39.352    W 085° 49.779
  33.65586666    -85.82965
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: None


Trailways Bus Station Attack
May 14, 1961

—Anniston Civil Rights Trail —

Throughout the first half of the 20th century, race relations in the South were dominated by local "Jim Crow" laws. Although in 1960 the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation violated the Interstate Commerce Act, local laws persisted.

When a desegregated bus carrying black and white "Freedom Riders" arrived at the Trailways Bus Station in Anniston on this date, a group of young white men came aboard to enforce segregated seating: whites in front, blacks in back. The men beat the Riders, forcing them to segregate. After police intervened, the bus continued to Birmingham with the badly injured Freedom Riders kept separated by their attackers.

Erected 2016 by City of Anniston Historic Trails Program.


Pictures of this marker maybe found on HMDB.org.

More information:
Anniston Civil Rights Trail Map (PDF)
Wikipedia - Mob violence in Anniston and Birmingham
Wikipedia - Freedom Riders
Wikipedia - Jim Crow laws

End of Trailways Bus Station Attack