Historic Markers Across Alabama



Greyhound Bus Station Protest



Marker ID: ACRT 3
Location: 1031 Gurnee Avenue, Anniston, AL
County: Calhoun
Coordinates: N 33° 39.484    W 085° 49.879
  33.65806666    -85.83131666
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: None
 



Text:

Greyhound Bus Station Protest
May 14, 1961

—Anniston Civil Rights Trail —


(Front)
This was the site of the Greyhound bus terminal where on May 14, 1961, a bus carrying black and white Civil Rights Activists known as "Freedom Riders" was attacked by a mob of whites who were protesting desegregation of public transportation facilities.

As the Riders remained on board, the mob hit the bus with bats and pipes, slashed its tires, and shouted insults. After local law enforcement intervened, the bus departed for Birmingham.

Inset photo: Protestors at Greyhound Bus Station. Photograph courtesy Public Library of Anniston and Calhoun County.

(Reverse)
Six miles outside Anniston on Alabama Highway 202, the Greyhound bus that had been attacked earlier by a mob of white extremists on this site was forced to stop because of a deflated tire. The pursuing mob intensified its attack and set the bus on fire, forcing the riders to depart. On board were "Freedom Riders" who were testing Boynton v. Virginia, the Supreme Court decision that segregation of public transportation was illegal.

After federal intervention at the site of the burning bus, the injured Riders were transported by ambulance to Anniston Memorial Hospital. The violence prompted a federal investigation.

Erected 2016 by City of Anniston Historic Trails Program.



Notes:

Pictures of this marker maybe found on HMDB.org.

More information:
Anniston Civil Rights Trail Map (PDF)
Wikipedia - Mob violence in Anniston and Birmingham
Wikipedia - Freedom Riders
Wikipedia - Jim Crow laws



End of Greyhound Bus Station Protest