Historic Markers Across Alabama

Prehistoric Native Americans / Historic Native Americans

Marker ID:  
Location: in McFarland Park next to the Tennessee River on McFarland Park Road, Florence, Alabama
County: Lauderdale
Coordinates: N 34° 47.21    W 087° 40.518
  34.78683333    -87.6753
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: None


Prehistoric Native Americans
(Circa 8,000 B.C. ~1500 A.D.)

This area near the mouth of Cypress Creek was inhabited by Archaic People as early as 8,000 B.C. Their main food consisted of freshwater mollusks from the river. (These mussels were the origin of the name "Muscle Shoals.")

The Woodland and Copena Cultures, associated with the nearby large Florence Mound, arrived around 2,000 B.C. and remained almost 3,000 years. About 800 A.D. the Mississippian Civilization established villages here and on adjoining islands.

Many of the Indian mounds in the Tennessee Valley were built by them.

Historic Native Americans
(Circa 1550 A.D.~ 1816 A.D.)

For almost 300 years this area was the home of people known as Historic Indians. the first were the Euchees from the Great Lakes area. They were soon ousted by the Shawnees from the Ohio River. The Shawnee were evicted in 1715 A.D. by the Cherokees and Chickasaws. The Cherokees signed away their rights to this area in 1806. The Chickasaws held their claim until the Treaty of 1816.

In the Summer of 1787, a skirmish occurred nearby between a party of Creeks and a company of militia from Nashville. The Creek Chief Bigfoot was killed.

Erected by Tennessee Valley Authority, Tennessee ~Tombigbee Waterway and the City of Florence.

End of Prehistoric Native Americans / Historic Native Americans