Historic Markers Across Alabama

U.S. Army PGM-19 Jupiter

Marker ID:  
Location: 1 Tranquilty Base, Huntsville, AL
County: Madison
Coordinates: N 34° 42.688    W 086° 39.273
  34.71146666    -86.65455
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: None


U.S. Army PGM-19 Jupiter

America's first Intermediate-range ballistic missile (RBM), the Jupiter Rocket was an outgrowth of Redstone rocket technology. It was developed at Redstone Arsenal under the technical guidance of German rocket engineers. First test-launched in March, 1957, the Jupiter was delivered to the U. S. Air Force in August, 1958 and played an important role in preserving peace.

In addition to testing nose cone materials, the Jupiter launched two monkeynuts—Able and Baker—into space in May, 1959. Achieving an altitude of 480m (300mi), Able and Baker were the first living creatures to be launched into space and successfully recovered, helping pave the way for humans. After her retirement from the space program, Miss Baker lived out her years here at the U.S. Space & Rocket.

• Length: 60ft (18.3m)
• Diameter: 8.8ft (2.7m)
• Weight: 108,804lbs (49353kg)
• Thrust: 150,000lbs (667,233N) Velocity: 11, 455mph (18,435km/hr)
• Range: 1,770mi (2,849k m)
• Propellants: Liquid oxygen and kerosene
• Contractors:
   • Chrysler Corporation (fuselage)
   • Rocketdyne Div., North American Aviation, Inc. (propulsion)

End of U.S. Army PGM-19 Jupiter