Historic Markers Across Alabama

Birth of Montgomery Bus Boycott

Marker ID: AHA 
Location: Tullibody Dr south of University Dr, Montgomery, AL
County: Montgomery
Coordinates: N 32° 21.906    W 086° 17.762
  32.3651    -86.29603333
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: WMQ2A0


Side 1
On Dec. 1, 1955, at Alabama State College (now Alabama State University) in a basement room in Councill Hall, the Montgomery Bus Boycott was planned and publicized after the arrest that day of Rosa Parks, who refused to give up her seat to a white person on a segregated city bus.

Following Parks' arrest, Alabama State College took action. Jo Ann Robinson, a faculty member, authored the text of a flyer calling for blacks to boycott segregated city buses and, joined by others, responded to Parks' arrest by mimeographing thousands of flyers here calling for a one-day boycott of the buses to start the following Monday, Dec. 5. Assisted by members of the Women's Political Council (WPC), they distributed them throughout the city's black community in hopes of ending segregation on city buses.

Side 2
Robinson was perhaps the person most instrumental in planning and publicizing the 1955 Boycott, proposing the idea to the WPC more than a year before it was implemented. She was assisted by WPC members who included Thelma Glass, Irene West, Mary Fair Burks & others; and advised by activist E.D. Nixon & attorney Fred Gray (ASU alumnus '51) who was also eager to challenge the segregated bus law. Because of the spark that was lit here, news of the planned protest received widespread publicity & on Dec. 5, the Boycott was successful with over 90% of the city's black citizens staying off the buses. The city's black leaders extended the Boycott into a long-term campaign that lasted from Dec. 5, 1955 to Dec. 20, 1956, with widespread black support. It was successful when the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed Browder v. Gayle, which struck down the laws regarding segregated seating on public buses. This was the seminal birth of the modern American Civil Rights Movement.

Kenneth Mulling Foundation and the Alabama Historical Association 12/1/2015


More Information:
Wikipedia - Rosa Parks
Academy of Achievement - Rosa Park Rosa Parks
Wikipedia - Civil rights movement
Borgna Brunner and Elissa Haney - Civil Rights Timeline

End of Birth of Montgomery Bus Boycott