Historic Markers Across Alabama

U.S. Indian Agency of Benjamin Hawkins

Marker ID: HCC 
Location: Brickyard Road, Phenix City, Alabama
County: Russell
Waymark: None


For several years after he was made Principal Agent to the Indians South of the Ohio in 1796, Benjamin Hawkins, friend of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, located his agency to the Lower Creeks at Coweta Tallahassee. Here Hawkins began to implement an ambitious "civilization" plan designed to make farmers, stockmen and weavers out of the Creek and Yuchi people. Hawkins had "a garden well cultivated and planted, with a great variety of vegetables, fruits and vines, and an orchard of peach trees." He also raised aromatic herbs. Hawkins moved his headquarters from the Chattahoochee to the Flint River in 1799. He died there in 1816.

Erected by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission and the Phenix City-Russell County Chamber of Commerce, 2004.


Marker Dedication or Erection Date: 2004

End of U.S. Indian Agency of Benjamin Hawkins