Historic Markers Across Florida



Battle of Pensacola - March 9 to May 8, 1781



Marker ID:  
Location: the intersection of West La Rua Street, Pensacola, FL
County: Escambia
Coordinates: N 30° 25.111    W 087° 13.013
  30.41851666    -87.21688333
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: None
 



Text:

On March 9, 1781, Spanish General Bernardo de Galvez, with a fleet of some 30 ships, arrived opposite Pensacola Bay and within a day took Santa Rosa Island. On March 18, Galvez, in his ship Galveztown, sailed under the cannon of the Royal Navy Redoubt into the harbor, thereby inspiring the rest of the fleet to follow him. The British Army abandoned the town of Pensacola to take position on the fortified hills north of the town. After more than a month of siege and skirmishing, a shell from a Spanish howitzer destroyed most of the Queen's Redoubt and resulted in General John Campbell's capitulation and surrender of British West Florida. Although Spain was not a formal ally of the United States, her victory at Pensacola made a significant contribution to the success of the American Revolution.

Erected 1997 by the Florida State Society, Daughters of the American Revolution.