Historic Markers Across Florida

Milly Francis

Marker ID: FLHM F-202
Location: Fort Gadsden State Park
County: Franklin
Coordinates: N 29° 56.396    W 085° 00.692
  29.93993333    -85.01153333
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: WM8HQK


Milly Francis

(Side 1:)
Francis the Prophet, whose Indian name was Hillis Hadjo, was an important Creek chief who was forced to leave his hom in the Alabama Territory at the end of the Creek War of 1813-14. He established a new town on the Wakulla River several miles above Ft. St. Marks. In 1818, Gen. Andrew Jackson led an army into Spanish Florida to campaign against the restive Seminoles. With the army was a young Georgia militia private named Duncan McKrimmon. While Jackson´s forces were at recently constructed Ft. Gadsden in the spring of 1818, McKrimmon went fishing, lost his way, and after several days was captured by Indians from Francis´ Town. Duncan McKrimmon was taken to that village where he was stripped and bound to await execution. The younger of Francis´ two daughters, a girl of about fifteen named Malee (Anglicized to "Milly"), begged Private McKrimmon´s captors to spare his life. This they agreed to do. Instead of being shot, the youth was sold to the Spanish at Ft. St. Marks, who then released him.

(Side 2:)
Not long afterwards, Francis the Prophet was detained by U.S. forces and on April 8, 1818, was hanged at the order of General Jackson. A few months later, Francis´ family surrendered themselves along with a number of other Seminoles. They remained at Ft. Gadsden for several weeks awaiting removal to a reservation in the West. Duncan McKrimmon traveled to Ft. Gadsden and out of gratitude offered to marry Milly, but she refused his proposal. Milly went to live in Indian Territory on Arkansas River where she married and had a number of children. In 1842, Lt. Col. E.A. Hitchcock found Milly living there widowed and in poverty. He initiated action which led to the granting in 1844 by Congress of a pension of $96.00 a year and a Congressional medal to Milly. Delays occurred and when the pension was finally activated in 1848, Milly was on her deathbed. There is no evidence that the medal recommended to honor Milly for saving the life of Duncan McKrimmon was ever cast.

F-202 Sponsored by Department of National Resources
in cooperation with Department of State.


City: South of Sumatra