Historic Markers Across Florida

Gilmore Academy

Marker ID: FLHM 
Location: 2871 Orange St., Marianna, FL
County: Jackson
Coordinates: N 30° 46.455    W 085° 14.517
  30.77425    -85.24195
  The coordinates have been estimated
based on the location of the marker.
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: None


In 1922, Robert T. Gilmore (1879-1948), born in Monticello, founded Gilmore Academy, one of Jackson Countys first African-American high schools. Trustees of Mariannas African-American community purchased this three-acre site in 1907 and raised $2,500 of the $4,500 needed to qualify for a Rosenwald Fund grant to build a two-story, limestone, six-teacher school. Created by philanthropist Julius Rosenwald (1862-1932) and educator Booker T. Washington (1856-1915), the fund financed the building of 5,395 schools between 1912 and 1932 to address the dismal state of education for southern blacks. After graduating its first class in 1931, the Academy was renamed Jackson County Training School (J.C.T.S.) As enrollment grew, grades 1-6 moved to the nearby Baptist Academy. In 1952, 85 years after the Colored School Society petitioned the state to build a school for newly freed slaves, the County built an elementary school on South Street. A high school was built on the same site in 1956, and Gilmore Academy closed. In 1970, 16 years after desegregation, J.C.T.S. became Marianna Middle School. Although the schools were separate and unequal, principals, faculty and staff helped thousands of students become productive citizs.

Sponsors: by The Gilmore Academy-Jackson County Training School Alumni Association, Inc. and the Florida Department of State


More Information:
Wikipedia - Rosenwald School
National Trust for Historic Preservation - Rosenwald Schools, A National Treasure
Wikipedia - Julius Rosenwald
Wikipedia - Booker T. Washington

City: Marianna, FL