Historic Markers Across Florida

94 South Street

Marker ID: AFT 
Location: 94 South Street, St. Augustine, FL
County: St. Johns
Coordinates: N 29° 52.941    W 081° 18.771
  29.88235    -81.31285
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: WMGB6A


This has been the home to the Whites, one of the outstanding families active in the 1963-1964 civil rights movement in St. Augustine. Parents James (a decorated Buffalo Soldier from World War II) and Hattie Lee White both took part in demonstrations and went to jail for freedom in those times. Their son Samuel was one of the "St. Augustine Four"--teenagers who spent six months in jail and reform school after a July 1963 sit-in at the Woolworth's lunch counter downtown. Mrs. White wrote to NAACP leader Roy Wilkins: "I've never heard of any child being taken away from their parents for wanting his freedom. Have you?" National protests at the injustice by Jackie Robinson and others forced the governor and cabinet of Florida to release the St. Augustine Four in January 1964.

Twin daughters Janice (pictured) and Jeanette took part in the effort to integrate one of the local white churches. They are featured in Jeremy Dean's movie "Dare Not Walk Alone." Sons Christopher and Walter Eugene were pioneers in the effort to end racial segregation in St. Augustine's public schools. Son James took part in the wade-ins that garnered international attention at St. Augustine Beach in the summer of 1964.

Sponsored by: Northrop Grumman


This marker is part of the ACCORD Freedom Trail.

For more information:
ACCORD - Anniversary to Commemorate the Civil Rights Demonstrations, Inc
NAACP - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
SCLC - Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Wikipedia - NAACP
Wikipedia - SCLC
Wikipedia - Civil Rights Act of 1964
Wikipedia - Racism
Wikipedia - Racial segregation in the United States