Historic Markers Across Florida

650 Julia Street

Marker ID: AFT 
Location: 650 Julia Street, St. Augustine, FL
County: St. Johns
Coordinates: N 29° 53.722    W 081° 20.240
  29.89536666    -81.33733333
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: WMGB1P


This house was built in 2008 by Habitat for Humanity for one of the Ancient City's civil rights heroes, Audrey Nell Edwards. Along with JoeAnn Anderson Ulmer, Samuel White, and Willie Carl Singleton, she was one of the "St. Augustine Four." As young teenagers, they were arrested for seeking service at the segregated lunch counter of the local Woolworth store on July 18, 1963. They spent the next six months in jail and reform school when they refused to sign a statement for the County Judge that they would no longer take part in civil rights demonstrations.
Their case attracted national attention as an example of injustice, and pressure from around the country finally forced the governor and cabinet of Florida to free them in January 1964. They had missed Thanksgiving and Christmas with their families, but they had shown that the civil rights movement could not be crushed. The St. Augustine Four were praised for their steadfastness by Jackie Robinson and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (who called them "my warriors").

A block north of here is historic Woodlawn Cemetery, the final resting place for many prominent African Americans demonstrators. Among them is Miss Cuter Eubanks (1927-1985) whose arrest with Mrs. Mary Peabody, the 72-year-old mother of the governor of Massachusetts, at the Ponce de Leon Motor Lodge was front-page news across the country in 1964. Willie Carl Singleton and Samuel White, two of the St. Augustine Four, are buried there, as are civil rights activists Loucille Plummer, Eteaner Anderson, and Gertrude Bias.

Sponsored by: Northrop Grumman


This marker is part of the ACCORD Freedom Trail.

For more information:
ACCORD - Anniversary to Commemorate the Civil Rights Demonstrations, Inc
NAACP - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
SCLC - Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Wikipedia - NAACP
Wikipedia - SCLC
Wikipedia - Civil Rights Act of 1964
Wikipedia - Racism
Wikipedia - Racial segregation in the United States