Historic Markers Across Florida



10 Hildreth Drive



Marker ID: AFT 
Location: 10 Hildreth Drive, St. Augustine, FL
County: St. Johns
Coordinates: N 29° 55.102    W 081° 19.288
  29.91836666    -81.32146666
Style: Interpretative Sign **
Waymark: WMGAEC
 



Text:

Fullerwood School was built in 1927 and is the only example in St. Augustine of the work of noted architect A. Ten Eyck Brown (1878-1940), famed for his courthouses, banks, and city halls in New Orleans, Miami and Atlanta. His name is on the cornerstone of the building.

Although there had been racially integrated schools in St. Augustine in colonial times, when the public school system was established here after the Civil War it was done on a segregated basis, with separate schools for whites and blacks. Florida even had a law making it illegal to store the textbooks for white and black schools in the same warehouse.

In 1954, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education that racial segregation in public schools had to end. However, it was not until 1963, that Fullerwood and Ketterlinus became the first schools here to desegregate. The children of two black families who lived in the North City area, the Brunsons and the Robersons, were admitted to the formerly all-white Fullerwood School.

Opposition to integration was intense. In October 1963, an unsuccessful attempt had been made to firebomb the home of the Roberson family. Bungum Roberson, father of the children who helped break the racial barrier at Fullerwood, was fired from his job at the local Ford dealership in retaliation for his civil rights activities. A second attempt in February 1964 succeeded. Today, an ACCORD Freedom Trail marker on Gault Street shows where only the brick steps of the house remain. In January 1964, Charles Brunson, an employee of the Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind, attended a PTA meeting here. His car was set on fire.

Fullerwood closed as an elementary school in the 1980s. It later housed St. Johns River Community College and the Media Center for the County public schools. An ACCORD Train the Trainer Workshop held here in February 2009, brought many people who had participated in the civil rights movement together with St. Johns County teachers to share their experiences with those who will continue to teach future generations.

Sponsored by: Northrop Grumman




Notes:

This marker is part of the ACCORD Freedom Trail.

For more information:
ACCORD - Anniversary to Commemorate the Civil Rights Demonstrations, Inc
NAACP - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
SCLC - Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Wikipedia - NAACP
Wikipedia - SCLC
Wikipedia - Civil Rights Act of 1964
Wikipedia - Racism
Wikipedia - Racial segregation in the United States