Historic Markers Across South Carolina

CS H. L. Hunley

Marker ID: SCHM 10-27
Location: Foe Ave., Sullivans lsland, near Ft. Moultrie
County: Charleston
Coordinates: N 32° 45.549    W 079° 51.395
  32.75915    -79.85658333
Style: Free Standing **


The CS H.L. Hunley, the first submarine to sink an enemy warship, left from a point near here on the evening of February 17, 1864, and proceeded out Breach Inlet toward the USS Housatonic, anchored nearby. The Hunley rammed a fixed torpedo into the Housatonic´s hull below the waterline, sinking it within an hour with a loss of 5 Union sailors. The Hunley itself sank as well about 3.5 mi. offshore with its entire 9-man crew of Confederate volunteers.

The Hunley, named for Horace L. Hunley (1823-1863), an early promoter of Confederate submarines, had already lost a 5-man crew in August 1863 and an 8-man crew, including Hunley, in October 1863 during trial runs in Charleston Harbor. Its last crew, commanded by Lt. George E. Dixon of the 21st Alabama, included Fred Collins, James A. Wicks, C. Simkins, Arnold Becker, and Ridgeway of the Navy, C. F. Carlson of Wagner´s Co., S.C. Arty., __ White, and __ Miller.

Erected by Palmetto Soldiers Relief Society - 1997


More information:
Friends of the Hunley
Wikipedia - H. L. Hunley (submarine)
Wikipedia - South Carolina in the American Civil War
Wikipedia - Fort Sumter
Wikipedia - Fort Moultrie
Wikipedia - Charleston, South Carolina in the American Civil War