Historic Markers Across South Carolina



Greenville County Courthouse / The Willie Earle Lynching Trial



Marker ID: SCHM 23-42
Location: 35 W. Court St., behind old Greenville County Courthouse, Greenville, SC
County: Greenville
Coordinates: N 34° 50.939    W 082° 24.045
  34.84898333    -82.40075
Style: Free Standing **
 



Text:

GREENVILLE COUNTY COURTHOUSE


This Beaux Arts building, built in 1916-18, was the fourth Greenville County Courthouse, from 1918 to 1950. It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1994. The largest lynching trial in U.S. history was held here May 12-21, 1947. Willie Earle, a young black man accused of assaulting white cabdriver Thomas W. Brown, had been lynched by a white mob on Bramlett Road in Greenville.

THE WILLIE EARLE LYNCHING TRIAL


The trial of 31 whites, 28 of them cabdrivers, was rare at the time and drew national attention. Though 26 defendants admitted being part of the mob, all defendants were acquitted by an all-white jury. Rebecca West´s “Opera in Greenville,” published in The New Yorker on June 14, 1947, interpreted the trial and its aftermath. Widespread outrage over the lynching and the verdict spurred new federal civil rights policies.

Erected by the Willie Earle Commemorative Trail Committee, 2010 [2011]



Notes:

Time Magazine - SOUTH CAROLINA: Trial by Jury