Historic Markers Across South Carolina



African Americans Choose Sides



Marker ID:  
Location: on State Road (South Carolina Route 28-703), Camden, SC
County: Kershaw
Coordinates: N 34° 13.973    W 080° 36.207
  34.23288333    -80.60345
 



Text:

At the start of the Revolution, South Carolina´s slaves numbered over 100,000, compared to 70,000 white inhabitants. Most slaves labored on coastal plantations-only 6,000 lived in the backcountry. Slaves in the Camden area helped to build and fortify the town´s powder magazine in 1780. Later, when the British occupied the town, slaves constructed an elaborate network of defenses.

Many slaves hoped that the British would give them their freedom, and risked harsh retribution from rebel masters by assisting the King´s army as spies, wagon drivers, and by gathering provisions. During the Battle of Hobkirk´s Hill, the British armed African Americans to help defend Camden.

Some slaves remained with their American masters. After the British forced Sarah Kershaw from her home in 1780, her slaves took great risks to provide her family with food.

"You will order one hundred able Negroes, furnished with spades to be collected from the plantations in your neighborhood, and send them to Camden."
Lord Cornwallis


Notes:

More Information:
Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site

Wikipedia - Battle of Boykin's Mill
Boykin Mill Farm- Battle of Boykin's Mill
CWSAC Battle Summary - Honey Hill
Wikipedia - Battle of Hobkirk Hill
American Wars 101 - The Battle of Hobkirk's Hill 1781

Wikipedia - Nathanael Greene
Historic Valley Forge - General Nathanael Greene

Wikipedia - Battle of Hobkirk Hill
American Wars 101 - The Battle of Hobkirk's Hill 1781

Wikipedia - American Revolutionary War
SCIWAY - American Revolutionary War in SC