Historic Markers Across South Carolina

Heidt-Russell House / Edwin R. Russell

Marker ID: SCHM 40-143
Location: 1240 Heidt St., Columbia, SC
County: Richland
Coordinates: N 34° 0.523    W 081° 0.90
  34.00871666    -81.015
Style: Free Standing **



This house, with Greek Revival and Italianate architectural influences, was built about 1879 by William J. Heidt, builder and contractor who managed Heidlinger´s Steam Bakery. The Heidts lived here until 1912. Mary E. Russell, whose husband Nathaniel was a postman for the U.S. Post Office, bought the house in 1919.


Edwin Roberts Russell (1913-1996) spent his early years here. A research scientist, he was one of the few blacks directly involved in the Manhattan Project to develop the atomic bomb. Educated at Benedict College and Howard University, in 1942-45 Russell helped separate plutonium from uranium at the University of Chicago. He returned to Columbia to teach at Allen University, then was a research chemist at the Savannah River Plant from 1957 to 1976.

Erected by the Historic Columbia Foundation, the City of Columbia, and the S.C. Department of Transportation, 2008