Historic Markers Across South Carolina



Columbia Civil Rights Sit-Ins/Barr v. City of Columbia (1964)



Marker ID: SCHM 40-196
Location: 1520 Taylor Street, Columbia, SC
County: Richland
Coordinates: N 34° 0.507    W 081° 1.776
  34.00845    -81.0296
Style: Free Standing **
 



Text:

Columbia Civil Rights Sit-Ins


On March 15, 1960 five African American students from Benedict College – Charles Barr, David Carter, Richard Counts, Milton Greene, and Johnny Clark – were arrested after refusing to leave the lunch counter at the Taylor Street Pharmacy, which once occupied this building. Their actions followed similar sit-ins at S.H. Kress and Eckerd’s Pharmacy, both located on nearby Main Street.

Barr v. City of Columbia (1964)


In Barr v. City of Columbia the U.S. Supreme Court held that lower courts had denied the students due process, as guaranteed by the 14th Amendment. Columbia attorney Matthew J. Perry served as lead counsel and delivered oral arguments to the Court. The Civil Rights Act of 1964, enacted ten days after the decision in Barr, finally prohibited racial segregation of public accommodations such as hotels and restaurants.

2017 by Columbia SC 63.