Historic Markers Across Tennessee

Civil War Railroad - Mile Post 42 / Smeedsville Station

Marker ID:  
Location: on Frank Clement Place west of Center Avenue (Tennessee Route 48), Dickson, TN
County: Dickson
Coordinates: N 36° 4.529    W 087° 23.332
  36.07548333    -87.38886666
Waymark: None


Continued attacks by Confederate guerrillas destroying Union supply ships on the Cumberland River at Yellow Creek and Harpeth Shoals, as they attempted to supply Nashville, necessitated General U.S. Grant to authorize the construction of a safe means of transportation from the Tennessee River to Nashville. The result was a 78 mile railroad constructed by the 12th and 13th U.S. Colored Troops Infantry Regiments. The guerrilla attacks were organized at a meeting held in the saloons on the Court Square at Charlotte. As many as 300 troops were assigned to secure the Court Square in Charlotte which enabled the railroad to be constructed to its south without organized attack from Confederated guerrillas. Following the War, present day Dickson was established at Mile Post 42. The town was first known as Smeedsville Station.