Historic Markers Across Tennessee



Battle of Chattanooga ~ Nov. 23 - 25, 1863



Marker ID: NPS 
Location: on Orchard Knob Avenue north of Ivy Street, Chattanooga TN
County: Hamilton
Coordinates: N 35° 2.379    W 085° 16.438
  35.03965    -85.27396666
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: None
 



Text:

[First Tablet]
Battle of Chattanooga
Nov. 23 - 25, 1863.
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Gen. Grant had under his command for the Battle of Chattanooga the Army of the Cumberland, Gen. George H. Thomas; the Eleventh and Twelfth Corps, Army of the Potomac, Gen. Joseph Hooker, and four divisions of the Army of the Tennessee, Gen. W. T. Sherman. Gen. Hooker's command was assigned to the Army of the Cumberland. On the afternoon of Nov. 23rd, Sheridan's and Wood's divisions of the Fourth corps, supported by the Eleventh corps on the left, carried Orchard Knob and Indian Hill to the south of it, constituting the enemy's central line through the plain. On the afternoon of the 24th, Gen. Sherman with three divisions of the Army of the Tennessee and Davis' division of the Fourteenth corps, having crossed the Tennessee River at the mouth of the Chickamauga during the night of the 23rd, occupied and fortified the north end of Missionary Ridge. On the same day, Hooker's forces in Lookout Valley, consisting of Geary's division of the....

[Second Tablet]
12th corps, Cruft's of the 4th, and Osterhaus' of the 15th, carried Lookout Mountain. On the 25th these forces advanced to Rossville Gap and carried that position in the afternoon of that day. Early on the 25th Sherman with three of his divisions, supported by Davis, division of the 14th corps and Howard's 11th corps, assaulted Tunnel Hill, continuing his operation until 3 p.m., but failed to carry it. The brunt of the defense fell upon Cleburne's division, supported by troops by troops from Walker's and Stevenson's. At 3:15 p.m. of the 25th Johnson's, Sheridan's, Wood's and Baird's divisions, Army of the Cumberland, formed from right to left in the order named, starting from this central line captured on the 23rd, assaulted and carried first the rifle-pits at the base of the ridge, and immediately thereafter the crest of Missionary Ridge for a distance of three miles. The whole movement occupied a little over an hour, and the captures were 40 guns and about 2,000 prisoners. Including the pursuit to and engagement at Ringgold, Nov. 27, the Union losses were 753 killed, 4,722 wounded, and 349 missing.


Notes:

More information:
Wikipedia: Chattanooga Campaign
Wikipedia: Battle of Lookout Mountain
Wikipedia: Battle of Missionary Ridge
NPS: Chickamauga Chattanooga Military Park
NPS: CWSAC Battle Summary