Historic Markers Across Tennessee

Battle of Missionary Ridge

Marker ID: NPS 
Location: on South Crest Road south of East Main Street, Chattanooga, TN
County: Hamilton
Coordinates: N 35° 1.168    W 085° 15.801
  35.01946666    -85.26335
Waymark: None


[First Tablet]
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Without orders, the Federals charged up the mountain

On the morning of November 25, 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Union army began its attack against Gen. Braxton Bragg's Confederates who occupied this ridge and the slopes below. After unsuccessful attacks on the northern end of the ridge, and the slow march of Hooker's troops from the south, Grant ordered Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas' troops in the center to seize the Confederate rifle-pits at the base of the ridge.

The Federals stormed the rifle-pits, forcing Confederates to retreat up the slopes in front of you. Then, without orders, the Federals swarmed up the slope in pursuit, swept over the crest, and routed the poorly positioned defenders. The outnumbered Confederates broke and fled down the slope behind you. Only darkness and the rearguard action of Maj. Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne saved the Confederates from destruction.

The Union victory here at Missionary Ridge left Chattanooga firmly in Union hands, and set the stage for General Sherman's advance against Atlanta in the spring.


More information:
Wikipedia: Chattanooga Campaign
Wikipedia: Battle of Lookout Mountain
Wikipedia: Battle of Missionary Ridge
NPS: Chickamauga Chattanooga Military Park
NPS: CWSAC Battle Summary