Historic Markers Across Tennessee

Chains of Friendship

Marker ID:  
Location: at the Cherokee Removal Memorial Park on Shadden Rd., Birchwood, TN
County: Meigs
Coordinates: N 35° 24.423    W 085° 0.383
  35.40705    -85.00638333
Style: Mounted **
Waymark: None


The Cherokee people made their homes in the river valleys that spread out of the southern Appalachian Mountains. They claimed a domain that stretched across present-day North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama. They also claimed hunting grounds in present day Virginia and Kentucky.

Sustained contact and trade with English colonist beginning in about 1700 brought many changes to the Cherokee. Cherokee hunters supplied English traders with thousands of deerskins and slaves who had been captured in warfare. English traders supplied the Cherokee with a vast array of commodities such as guns, metal knives, hoes, fabrics, kettles, rum, and jewelry.

In 1721, the Cherokee and English attempted to regulate the trade and make clear boundaries between the two powers. The agreement included a cession of land. This first agreement set a pattern of relations between the two powers.
"Between 1721 and 1838 thirty-six separate treaties - often achieved through English and later American deceit and force - gave over, bit by bit the Cherokee homeland."