Historic Markers Across Tennessee

The Cotton Gin Assault

Marker ID:  
Location: is on Cleburne St., Franklin, TN
County: Williamson
Coordinates: N 35° 54.924    W 086° 52.389
  35.9154    -86.87315
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: WM33A8


Into this area rushed elements of four Confederated division on November 30, 1864 as they assaulted the Federal lines near the Carter cotton gin. Crossed largely by troops from Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne’s Division, the area was flooded by men from Maj. Gen. Samuel French’s Division, and some from Maj. Gen. John Brown’s and Maj. Gen. Edward Walthall’s division. The Southern troops charged forward, crashing into the section of the Federal line between Columbia Pike and the gin held by Brig. Gen. James Reilly’s Brigade. Two Pieces of Ohio artillery just to the north, near the cotton gin, inflicted horrific Confederate losses. Yet the assault le by Cleburne’s troops broke the Federal lines an vicious hand-to-hand fighting erupted. side 2 Southern troops from Tennessee, Mississippi, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, and Alabama poured through this area to battle their Federal opponents who hailed from Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois, and even Tennessee. The power of the Southern assault caused the 100th Ohio and some of the 104th Ohio to abandon their positions and four pieces of Kentucky artillery were captured by the Confederates. However, a countercharge led by the 12th Kentucky, 16th Kentucky, 175th Ohio, 8th Tennessee, 44 Illinois, and 74th/88th Illinois retook the artillery and forced the Confederates back. When the Battle of Franklin end perhaps as many as 9,500 men were killed, wounded, missing, or captured.

Erected 2006 by City o Franklin Tennessee.